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Protocol Details

A Phase 1 Study of Romidepsin, CC-486 (5-azacitidine), dexamethasone, and lenalidomide (RAdR) for relapsed/refractory T-cell malignancies

This study is NOT currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Recruitment Detail

Type: No longer recruiting/follow-up only
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 18 Years
Max Age: N/A

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)

Pregnant Women;


Immunomodulatory Drugs (IMiDs);
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors (HDACi)

Recruitment Keyword(s)



Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma;
Mature T-cell Malignancies;
Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma;
relapsed/ refractory T-cell malignancies

Investigational Drug(s)

5-Azacitidine (CC-486)

Investigational Device(s)



Drug: Romidepsin
Drug: Lenalidomide
Drug: CC-486 (5-azacitidine)
Drug: Dexamethasone

Supporting Site

National Cancer Institute


Mature T-cell malignancies (TCMs) are a rare group of cancers that usually do not have effective treatments or cures. Because of this, participants with TCMs often relapse and have a poor overall prognosis. This trial is testing if combining several drugs against TCMs can be a more effective.

Primary Objective:

To test if the combination of romidepsin, CC-486 (5-azacitidine), dexamethasone, and lenalidomide (RAdR) can be given safely to participants with relapsed or treatment refractory TCM.

Other (Secondary) Objective:

Measure the activity of this combination treatment.


People age 18 and older who have a failed or relapsed after standard treatments for mature TCMs.


Participants will be screened for eligibility by performing the following tests or procedures:

Physical exam

Medical history

Medicine review

Blood and urine tests

Symptom review

Bone marrow examination

Total Body imaging scans or x-rays

Tumor biopsy

Participants will have blood tests during treatment to make sure their blood cell counts are okay.

Romidepsin is infused through an IV placed in one of the veins usually in the arm. Lenalidomide, dexamethasone, and CC-486 (5-azacitidine) are pills or capsules taken by mouth.

Participants are asked to keep a diary of when they take their pills to make sure they are taking these medicines properly.

Participants will have tumor imaging scans after every 2nd cycle (or 6 weeks) to check if the treatment is working. If the doctors are concerned the cancer has spread to the brain and/or spine, they will have scans of the area(s) and a sampling of the fluid around the brain/spine which is obtained through a small needle inserted into the lower part of the back for a short time to collect the fluid. This procedure is called a spinal tap or lumbar puncture.

Participants who have tumor in their skin will have repeat exams of their skin and sometimes photographs taken of these areas to see if the treatment is working.

Participants will also be asked to give blood, saliva, and sometimes have optional biopsies of their tumor where these tests are done for research purposes.

After they have completed the protocol treatment (6 cycles), they will be asked to return to clinic 30 days after treatment has ended, then every other month (or 60 days) for the first 6 months, then every 3 months (90 days) for 2 years, and then every 6 months for years 2 to 4 after completing treatment. After 4.5 years, they will be seen once a year.

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-Patients must have relapsed after or progressed during at least one line of prior systemic therapy (which may include allogeneic stem cell transplantation) for mature T or NK/T neoplasm, i.e. have relapsed and/or refractory mature T and NK neoplasm per 2016 WHO classification excluding chronic lymphoproliferative disorder of NK cells, aggressive NK-cell leukemia, and Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma.

-T or NK/T neoplasm from initial diagnosis or recurrence must be histologically or cytologically proven and diagnosis be confirmed by the Laboratory of Pathology, NCI,

-Patients with ALCL or CD30 positive MF/SS must have relapsed after or become intolerant to prior anti-CD30 targeting therapy treatment with brentuximab vedotin

-For patients without circulating leukemia/lymphoma cells detectable by flow cytometry, a formalin fixed tissue block or 15 slides of tumor sample (archival or fresh) must be available at enrollment for performance of correlative studies. NOTE: Patients without circulating malignant cells must be willing to have a tumor biopsy if prior tissue or adequate archival tissue is not available (i.e., post-enrollment and prior to treatment).

-Disease must be measurable with at least one measurable lesion by RECIL 2017 or mSWAT criteria, or have an abnormal clonal T-cell population detectable by peripheral blood flow cytometry

-Age >18 years

-ECOG performance status <=2, or <= 3 if the decreased performance status is deemed to be due to disease and not residual toxicity from prior therapy or other causes.

-Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

--Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/mcL

--Platelets >= 75,000/mcL

--Total bilirubin <= 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)

--AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) <= 2.5 X institutional ULN

--Serum Creatinine <= 1.5 mg/dL OR

--Creatinine Clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 as calculated by direct measurement of 24-hour urine for creatinine clearance

-Negative serum or urine pregnancy test at screening for women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) NOTE: WOCBP is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone successful surgical sterilization or who is not postmenopausal. WOCBP must have a negative pregnancy test (HCG blood or urine) during screening.

-All study participants must be registered into the mandatory Revlimid REMS(R) program and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REMS(R) program.

-Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for at least 6 months after completion of treatment for women, and for at least 3 months after completion of treatment for men. Females of reproductive potential must adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing as required in the Revlimid REMS(R) program.

-Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.


-Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.

-Anti-cancer treatment within 2 weeks prior to enrollment. (4 weeks for monoclonal antibodies and 6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C).

-Patients who have received two of the following drugs at any point: lenalidomide, romidepsin, and 5-azacitidine. Patients who have received only one of the three drugs remain eligible.

-Patients with a diagnosis of CTCL are excluded from participation in the expansion cohort.

-Other malignancy that requires ongoing systemic hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy.

-History of allergic reactions or known or suspected hypersensitivity attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to lenalidomide, romidepsin and 5-azacitidine

-Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection requiring systemic therapy, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

-Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective antiretroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial.

-For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated.

-Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load.

-History of inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn s disease, ulcerative colitis), celiac disease (i.e., sprue), prior gastrectomy or upper bowel removal, or any other gastrointestinal disorder or defect that would interfere with the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of the study drug and/or predispose the subject to an increased risk of gastrointestinal toxicity.

-Clinically significant (i.e., active) cardiovascular disease: cerebral vascular accident/stroke (< 6 months prior to enrollment), myocardial infarction (< 6 months prior to enrollment), unstable angina, congestive heart failure (>= New York Heart Association Classification Class II), congenital long QT syndrome, or other serious cardiac arrhythmia including 2nd degree atrio ventricular (AV) block type II, 3rd degree AV block, or bradycardia (ventricular rate less than 50 beats/min).

-Hypertrophic cardiomegaly or restrictive cardiomyopathy from prior treatment or other causes.

-Uncontrolled hypertension, i.e., blood pressure (BP) of >=160/95; patients who have a history of hypertension controlled by medication must be on a stable dose (for at least one month) and meet all other inclusion criteria.

-Triplicate average baseline QTcF interval >= 480 ms

-Patients taking drugs leading to significant QT prolongation Note: A 5 half-life washout period must have elapsed following the use of these drugs prior to administration of romidepsin.

-Concomitant use of rifampin and other strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and inducers within 2 weeks prior to starting protocol therapy.

-Other severe acute or chronic medical conditions including psychiatric conditions such as recent (within the past year) or active suicidal ideation or behavior; or laboratory abnormalities that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study treatment administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study.

-Pregnant or lactating women. Pregnant women are excluded from this study because lenalidomide is a Class X agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with lenalidomide, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with lenalidomide. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.

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Not Provided

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Mark J. Roschewski, M.D.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
(240) 760-6183

NCI Medical Oncology Referral Office
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

(888) 624-1937

NCI Referral Office
National Institute of Health Clinical Center (CC), 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, United States: NCI Clinical Trials Referral Office

Clinical Trials Number:


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