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Protocol Details

Rapid Analysis and Response Evaluation of Combination Anti-Neoplastic Agents in Rare Tumors (RARE CANCER) Trial: RARE 1 Nilotinib and Paclitaxel

This study is currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Participants currently recruited/enrolled
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 18 Years
Max Age: 120 Years

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)

Pregnant Women;


BCR Abl kinase inhibitor;

Recruitment Keyword(s)




Investigational Drug(s)


Investigational Device(s)



Drug: Nilotinib and Paclitaxel

Supporting Site

National Cancer Institute


People with rare cancers often have limited treatment options. The biology of rare cancers is not well understood. Researchers want to find better treatments for these cancers. They want to test 2 drugs that, taken separately, have helped people with non-rare cancers. They want to see if these drugs together can make rare cancers shrink or stop growing.


To learn if nilotinib and paclitaxel will benefit people with rare cancers.


People age 18 and older who have a rare, advanced cancer that has progressed after receiving standard treatment, or for which no effective therapy exists.


Participants will be screened with medical history and physical exam. They will have blood and urine tests. They will have a pregnancy test if needed. They will have an electrocardiogram to check their heart. They will have imaging scans to measure their tumors.

Participants will repeat the screening tests during the study.

Participants will receive nilotinib and paclitaxel. The drugs are given in 28-day cycles. Nilotinib is a capsule taken by mouth twice a day. Paclitaxel will be given intravenously by peripheral line or central line once a week for the first 3 weeks of each cycle.

Participants will keep a medicine diary. They will track when they take the study drugs and any side effects they may have.

Participants may have optional tumor biopsies.

Participants can stay on the study until their disease gets worse or they have intolerable side effects.

Participants will have a follow-up phone call about 30 days after taking the last dose of study drugs.

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-Patients must have histologically confirmed rare solid tumors that have progressed on standard therapy known to prolong survival or for which no standard treatment options exist. The list of eligible rare tumors can be found below**; other rare tumor types may be acceptable at the discretion of the PI. Patients must have measurable and evaluable disease.

-Age >= 18 years.

-ECOG performance status <= 2.

-Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

-- Absolute neutrophil count >=1,500/mcL

-- Platelets >=100,000/mcL

-- Total bilirubin <=1.5 X institutional ULN

-- AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) <=3 X institutional upper limit of normal; <= 5.0 x ULN in patients with liver metastases

-- creatinine <=1.5 X institutional ULN OR

-- creatinine clearance >=60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels >1.5 mg/dL

- Nilotinib and paclitaxel have both been assigned to pregnancy category D by the FDA. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation and for at least 3 months after dosing with study drugs ceases. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 3 months after completion of study drug administration.

- Patients must have completed radiation therapy or major surgery >= 3 weeks, or biologic therapy or chemotherapy >= 5 half-lives or 3 weeks, whichever is shorter (6 weeks for nitrosoureas and mitomycin C) prior to entering the study. Patients must be >= 2 weeks since any prior administration of a study drug in a Phase 0 or equivalent study and be >= 1 week from palliative radiation therapy (patients on study may be eligible for palliative radiotherapy to non-targeted lesions after 2 cycles of therapy at the PI s discretion). Patients must have recovered to eligibility levels from prior toxicity or adverse events. Treatment with bisphosphonates is permitted.

- Biopsies are optional on this study. In lieu of baseline biopsies, patients are encouraged to submit at registration archival tumor biopsy tissue from a previous research study or medical care providing it meets the minimum collection and preservations requirements outlined for the submission of archival tissue are:

-- Archival tumor tissue submitted as a baseline specimen must have been collected within 3 months prior to registration.

-- Patient must not have received any intervening cancer therapy since the collection of the specimen, and it was collected and processed according to SOP340507:

(, including flash-freezing in liquid nitrogen, minimal cold ischemia time (< 5 minutes), and shipment on dry ice.

- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial. For these patients, an HIV viral load test must be completed within 28 days prior to enrollment.

**Rare Tumor Eligibility List

1. Epithelial tumors of nasal cavity, sinuses, nasopharynx

2. Epithelial tumors of major salivary glands

3. Salivary gland type tumors of head and neck, lip, esophagus, stomach, trachea and lung, breast and other location

4. Undifferentiated carcinoma of gastrointestinal (GI) tract

5. Adenocarcinoma with variants of small intestine

6. Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of GI tract (stomach small intestine, colon, rectum, pancreas)

7. Fibromixoma and low-grade mucinous adenocarcinoma (pseudomixoma peritonei) of the appendix and ovary

8. Rare Pancreatic tumors including acinar cell carcinoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma or serous cystadenocarcinoma

9. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma

10. Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and bile duct tumors

11. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of lung

12. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma lung (a.k.a. adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma, or invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma)

13. Non-epithelial tumors of the ovary

14. Trophoblastic tumor

15. Transitional cell carcinoma other than that of the renal, pelvis, ureter, or bladder

16. Cell tumor of the testes and extragonadal germ tumors

17. Epithelial tumors of penis - squamous adenocarcinoma cell carcinoma with variants of penis

18. Squamous cell carcinoma variants of the genitourinary (GU) system

19. Spindle cell carcinoma of kidney, pelvis, ureter

20. Adenocarcinoma with variants of GU system (excluding prostate cancer)

21. Odontogenic malignant tumors

22. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET)

23. Neuroendocrine carcinoma including carcinoid of the lung

24. Pheochromocytoma, malignant

25. Paraganglioma

26. Carcinomas of pituitary gland, thyroid gland parathyroid gland and adrenal cortex

27. Desmoid tumors

28. Peripheral nerve sheath tumors and NF1-related tumors

29. Malignant giant cell tumors

30. Chordoma

31. Adrenal cortical tumors

32. Tumor of unknown primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary; CuP)

33. Not Otherwise Categorized (NOC) Rare Tumors

34. Adenoid cystic carcinoma

35. Vulvar cancer

36. MetaPLASTIC carcinoma (of the breast)

37. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST)

38. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa)

39. Apocrine tumors/Extramammary Paget s Disease

40. Peritoneal mesothelioma

41. Basal cell carcinoma

42. Clear cell cervical cancer

43. Esthenioneuroblastoma

44. Endometrial carcinosarcoma (malignant mixed Mullerian tumors)

45. Clear cell endometrial cancer

46. Clear cell ovarian cancer

47. Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD)

48. Gallbladder cancer

49. Small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type

50. Angiosarcoma

51. High-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma

52. Treatment-emergent small-cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer (t-SCNC)

53. Anal cancer

54. Lymphoma

55. Merkel cell carcinoma

56. Pleural Mesothelioma

57. Sarcoma (bone & soft tissue)

58. Thymic Carcinoma

59. Uterine Leiomyosarcoma

60. Papillary RCC


- QTcF interval of >=450 msec at study entry; congenital long QT syndrome

- Sensory/motor neuropathy >= Grade 2

- Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.

- Patients with known primary central nervous system (CNS) malignancy or symptomatic CNS metastases are excluded, with the following exceptions:

-- Patients with asymptomatic untreated CNS disease may be enrolled, provided all of the following criteria are met:

--- Evaluable or measurable disease outside the CNS

--- No metastases to brain stem, midbrain, pons, medulla, or cerebellum

--- No history of intracranial hemorrhage or spinal cord hemorrhage

--- No ongoing requirement for dexamethasone for CNS disease; patients on a stable dose of anticonvulsants are permitted.

--- No neurosurgical resection or brain biopsy within 28 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1

-- Patients with asymptomatic treated CNS metastases may be enrolled, provided all the criteria listed above are met as well as the following:

--- Radiographic demonstration of improvement upon the completion of CNS-directed therapy and no evidence of interim progression between the completion of CNS-directed therapy and radiographic screening for the current study

--- No stereotactic radiation or whole-brain radiation within 28 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1

--- Screening CNS radiographic study >=4 weeks from completion of radiotherapy and >=2 weeks from discontinuation of corticosteroids

- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to study drugs.

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, serious untreated infection, symptomatic respiratory failure/congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

- Pregnant women are excluded from this study because nilotinib and paclitaxel have been assigned to pregnancy category D by the FDA. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with the study drugs, breastfeeding should be discontinued prior to the first dose of study drug and women should refrain from nursing throughout the treatment period and for 3 months following the last dose of study drug.

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Kummar S, Chen HX, Wright J, Holbeck S, Millin MD, Tomaszewski J, Zweibel J, Collins J, Doroshow JH. Utilizing targeted cancer therapeutic agents in combination: novel approaches and urgent requirements. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2010 Nov;9(11):843-56. doi: 10.1038/nrd3216. Epub 2010 Oct 29. PMID: 21031001.

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Alice P. Chen, M.D.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
(240) 781-3320

Brooksley Augustine
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 8D53
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(240) 858-3197

NCI Referral Office
National Institute of Health Clinical Center (CC), 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, United States: NCI Clinical Trials Referral Office

Clinical Trials Number:


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