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Protocol Details

Phase 2 Trial of Encorafenib plus Binimetinib for Patients with BRAF V600 Mutated Relapsed/Refractory HCL

This study is currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Participants currently recruited/enrolled
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 18 Years
Max Age: N/A

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)

Pregnant Women;



Recruitment Keyword(s)



Hairy Cell Leukemia

Investigational Drug(s)


Investigational Device(s)



Drug: binimetinib
Drug: Encorafenib

Supporting Site

National Cancer Institute


Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) does not usually respond to chemotherapy. Most people with HCL have a BRAF gene mutation. This can increase the growth of cancer cells. Vemurafenib has been tested to treat these people. However, researchers think a combination of drugs might work better.


To test if treatment with a combination of encorafenib and binimetinib in BRAF mutant

HCL is more effective than treatment with vemurafenib.


People ages 18 and older with BRAF mutant HCL that did not respond to or came back after treatment


Participants will be screened with:

Medical history

Physical exam

Bone marrow biopsy: A needle will be injected through the participant s skin and into a bone to remove liquid.

Blood and urine tests

Heart and lung function tests

CT or MRI scan: Participants will lie in a machine that takes pictures of the body. They may have a contrast agent injected into a vein.

Eye exam

Participants will take the study drugs by mouth in 28-day cycles. They will take encorafenib daily. They will take binimetinib twice daily. They will keep a pill diary.

Participants will take their temperature daily.

Participants will have at least 1 visit before each cycle. Visits will include repeats of some screening tests. They will also include abdominal ultrasounds, exercise stress tests, and skin evaluations.

Participants may continue treatment as long as their disease does not get worse and they do not have bad side effects.

About a month after their last dose of treatment, participants will have a follow-up visit. Then they will have annual follow-ups.

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-Histologically confirmed diagnosis of HCL according to morphological and immunophenotypic criteria of WHO classification [WHO, 2008 revised 2016] of lymphoid neoplasm. Participants should have at least one of the following indications for therapy:

-- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <1 x10(3)/mcL

--Hemoglobin <10g/dL

--Platelets<100 x10(3)/mcL

--Symptomatic splenomegaly

--Enlarging HCL mass > 2cm in short axis

--Leukemia cell count>5x10(3)/mcL

Participants who have eligible blood counts within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study therapy will not be considered ineligible if subsequent blood counts prior to initiation of study therapy fluctuate and become ineligible up until the time of the initiation of study therapy.

-Participants must have BRAF V600 mutation as confirmed from fresh bone marrow aspirate, peripheral blood sample, or lymph node/mass by the Laboratory of Pathology, NCI. This may be done by PCR or sequence-based assays.

-Participants who are ineligible for, unable to obtain in a timely manner, cannot access, unwilling to undergo or have failed Moxetumomab Pasudotox trial at NCI

-Refractory or relapsed disease- defined as either:

--Refractory- no response or disease progression in <=1 year following first-line treatment with a purine analog, or

--Relapsed- having relapsed following treatment with at least 1 prior purine-analog treatment

-Age >=18 years

-ECOG performance status <=2 (Karnofsky >=60%)

-Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

--Total bilirubin <= 3x upper limit of normal (ULN), unless consistent with Gilbert s (ratio between total and direct bilirubin > 5)

--AST and ALT <= 3x ULN

--Alkaline phosphatase < 2.5x ULN

--Serum creatinine <= 1.5 mg/dL or creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for participants with creatinine levels above institutional normal calculated using eGFR

--Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL

--Prothrombin time (PT)/International Normalized Ratio < 2.5x ULN (If on warfarin, PT/INR < 3.5x ULN; If on any other anticoagulation, Prothrombin time (PT) < 2.5x ULN

--Fibrinogen >= 0.5x lower limit of normal

-The effects of the study drugs on the developing human fetus are unknown therefore participants must use effective methods of contraception as directed below.

--Females of childbearing potential (FOCBP) who are sexually active with a nonsterilized male partner must use a highly effective method of contraception and not donate ova prior to study entry and or the duration of study treatment and until 30 days after the last dose of study drug. Periodic abstinence, the rhythm method, and the withdrawal method are not acceptable methods of contraception. There is a potential for encorafenib to induce CYP3A4, which may reduce the effectiveness of hormonal contraception methods. Therefore, the use of at least 1 form of nonhormonal contraception is required for females of childbearing potential during study

treatment in this study. Females of childbearing potential are defined as those who are not surgically sterile (i.e., bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or complete hysterectomy) or those who are premenarchal or postmenopausal (defined as 12 months with no menses without an alternative medical cause). A highly effective method of contraception is defined as one that results in a low failure rate (i.e., less than 1% per year) when used consistently and correctly. Not all methods of contraception are highly effective. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

--Male participants must use a condom during treatment and through 90 days after the end of systemic exposure to study drug/treatment. If the male participant has a partner that is of child-bearing potential, the partner should also use contraception through

90 days after the end of systemic exposure to study drug/treatment. In addition, male participants must refrain from donating sperm during the study treatment and through 90 days after the end of systemic exposure to study drug/treatment. Males who have had a vasectomy qualify as having met the requirement for a highly effective birth control method.

-Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

-Must co-enroll in study 10-C-0066: Collection of Human Samples to Study Hairy Cell and other Leukemias, and to Develop Recombinant Immunotoxins for Cancer Treatment


-Participants who have had chemotherapy, immunotherapy, investigational agent or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to the start of study treatment.

-Prior therapy with encorafenib and/or binimetinib

-Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents or have received an investigational agent within 14 days prior to the start of study treatment.

-Participants who have undergone major surgery less than or equal to 6 weeks prior to start of study treatment or who have not recovered from side effects of such procedure

-Known hypersensitivity or contraindication to any component of binimetinib or encorafenib or their excipients

-Inability to swallow and retain study drugs.

Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive within the projected duration of the study treatment, starting with the screening visit. Pregnant women are excluded from this study because binimetinib and encorafenib have the potential for teratogenic

or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with encorafenib and binimetinib, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated.

-Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, cardiac dysfunction, uncontrolled pulmonary infection, pulmonary edema or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

-Evidence of active Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) or Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection. Note: Participants with laboratory evidence of cleared HBV or HCV infection may be enrolled. If positive for Hepatitis B core antibody or surface antigen the participants must be on Tenofovir or Entecavir and Hepatitis B Viral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) load must be <2000 IU/mL

-Active second malignancy requiring treatment other than minor resection of indolent cancers like basal cell and squamous skin cancers.

-Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive participants unless taking appropriate anti-HIV medications with a CD4 count of > 200. Otherwise, there may be an increased risk of infections.

-History of an allogeneic bone marrow or stem cell transplant.

-Known history of acute or chronic pancreatitis.

-Impaired cardiovascular function or clinically significant cardiovascular disease including, but not limited to, any of the following:

--History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary angioplasty or stenting) <3months prior to initiation of study therapy

--Congestive heart failure requiring treatment (New York Heart Association Grade greater than or equal to 2);

--Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% as determined by Multigated Acquisition Scan (MUGA) or Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE);

--Uncontrolled hypertension defined as persistent systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 100 mmHg despite current therapy;

--History or presence of clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias (including resting bradycardia, uncontrolled atrial fibrillation or uncontrolled paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia);

--Triplicate average baseline QTcF interval greater than or equal to 480 ms.

- Impairment of gastrointestinal function or disease which may significantly alter the absorption of study drug (e.g., active ulcerative disease, uncontrolled vomiting or diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection with decreased intestinal

absorption), or recent (less than or equal to 3 months) history of a partial or complete bowel obstruction, or other conditions that will interfere significantly with the absorption of oral drugs.

-Concurrent neuromuscular disorder that is associated with elevated CK (e.g., inflammatory myopathies, muscular dystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, spinal muscular atrophy).

-History or current evidence of RVO or current risk factors for RVO (e.g., uncontrolled glaucoma or ocular hypertension, history of hyperviscosity or hypercoagulability syndromes); history of maculopathy or retinopathy for which there is an increased risk

of MEK induced exudation (e.g., Central Serous Retinopathy).

-History of thromboembolic or cerebrovascular events less than or equal to 12 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment. Examples include transient ischemic attacks, cerebrovascular accidents, hemodynamically significant (i.e. massive or sub-massive) deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary emboli.

-Note: Participants with either deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary emboli that does not result in hemodynamic instability are allowed to enroll as long as they are on a stable dose of anticoagulants for at least 4 weeks.

-Note: Participants with thromboembolic events related to indwelling catheters or other procedures may be enrolled

-Participants taking strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and strong/moderate CYP3A4 inducers

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Not Provided

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Robert J. Kreitman, M.D.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
(301) 648-7375

Holly Eager (DiFebo), R.N.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 13N240
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(240) 858-7229

NCI Referral Office
National Institute of Health Clinical Center (CC), 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, United States: NCI Clinical Trials Referral Office

Clinical Trials Number:


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