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Protocol Details

Impact of Weekly Administration of Rifapentine and Isoniazid on Steady State Pharmacokinetics of Tenofovir Alafenamide in Healthy Volunteers

This study is NOT currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Completed Study; data analyses ongoing
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 18 Years
Max Age: 65 Years

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)

Pregnant Women;


Antiretroviral Therapy;
Human Immunodeficiency Virus;
Latent Tuberculosis;
Drug-Drug Interactions;

Recruitment Keyword(s)



Healthy Volunteers

Investigational Drug(s)


Investigational Device(s)



Drug: Tenofovir alafenamide
Drug: Rifapentine
Drug: Isoniazid (INH)
Dietary Supplement: Pyridoxine

Supporting Site

NIH Clinical Center


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is treated with antiretroviral drugs. Many people with HIV also have the lung infection tuberculosis (TB). Most TB treatments are complicated. A simpler treatment of two TB drugs can be taken once a week. Researchers want to study how the HIV and TB drugs affect each other so people who take both can be treated safely.


To study if rifapentine and isoniazid affect blood levels of the common antiretroviral TAF.


Healthy adults ages 18-65 without HIV, TB, or hepatitis


Participants will fast before the screening visit. They will have a medical history, physical exam, and blood tests. Women may have a pregnancy test.

During the study, participants must:

Use effective birth control

Not take most medicine

Not drink alcohol

At the baseline visit, participants will repeat screening tests and get TAF tablets.

Participants will take TAF once a day for 31 days. They will keep track of doses and side effects.

Over 32 days, participants will have 4 long visits and 4 short.

At all visits, participants will:

Fast the night before

Get food

Take that day s TAF

Review their TAF supply

Have pregnancy and blood tests

Report side effects

At 3 visits, participants will also take the 2 TB drugs and vitamin B6.

At 3 long visits, participants will also have blood collected 8 times over 8 hours by plastic tube in an arm vein.

Around Day 46, participants will fast and have blood and pregnancy tests. Two weeks later, they will get a call to see how they are feeling.

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Individuals must meet all of the following criteria to be eligible for study participation:

1. Ages 18-65 years.

2. Weight greater than or equal to 45 kg and less than or equal to 120 kg OR body mass index greater than or equal to 18.0 and < 30.

3. Judged to be healthy based on medical history, physical examination, vital signs, and clinical laboratory tests: liver function tests (AST, alanine transaminase( ALT), Tbili) less than or equal to upper limit of normal [ULN], serum creatinine (SCr) less than or equal to ULN, platelets (PLT) > 150,000/microL, hemoglobin (Hgb) > 13 g/dL (males); greater than or equal to 12g/dL (females), C-reactive protein (CRP) less than or equal to ULN, creatine kinase (CK) less than or equal to 2x ULN, fasting total cholesterol < 240 mg/dL, or fasting triglycerides < 240 mg/dL, urine glucose < grade 2 (per Division of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (DAIDS) adverse event (AE) table), urine protein < grade 2 (per DAIDS AE table).

4. Negative QuantiFERON-TB Gold test at screening.

5. HIV-negative, as determined by standard serologic assays for HIV infection.

6. No laboratory evidence of active or chronic hepatitis A, B, or C infection.

7. Willing to abstain from alcohol consumption throughout the study period.

8. Agrees to genetic testing and storage of specimens for future research.

9. Able to provide informed consent.

10. Negative serum or urine pregnancy test for females of child-bearing potential.

11. Participants must agree not to become pregnant or impregnate a partner for the duration of the study. The use of hormonal contraceptives will not be permitted. Study participants must use one of the following methods of birth control when engaging in sexual activities that can result in pregnancy, beginning at screening until the final study visit.

a) Male or female condom.

b) Diaphragm or cervical cap with a spermicide.

c) Intrauterine device without hormones.


Individuals meeting any of the following criteria will be excluded from study participation:

1. Known hypersensitivity to TAF, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), INH, RPT, and other rifamycin analogues.

2. History or presence of any of the following:

a. Latent or active TB infection.

b. Gastrointestinal (GI) disease that is uncontrolled, requires daily treatment with medication, or would interfere with a participant s ability to absorb drugs (eg, diarrhea, pancreatitis, or peptic ulcer disease).

c. Renal impairment (chronic renal insufficiency of any chronic kidney disease stage, or acute renal failure not induced by drug therapy defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 90 mL/min or SCr > ULN).

d. Respiratory disease that is uncontrolled or requires daily treatment with medication (eg, asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).

e. Cardiovascular disease (eg, hypertension [systolic blood pressure > 140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mm Hg], heart failure, or arrhythmia).

f. Metabolic disorders (eg, diabetes mellitus).

g. Hematologic or bleeding disorders (eg, anemia, hemophilia, serious/major bleeding events, menorrhagia [female participants]).

h. Immunologic disorders.

i. Hormonal or endocrine disorders.

j. Psychiatric illness that would interfere with their ability to comply with study procedures or that requires daily treatment with medication.

k. Seizure disorder, with the exception of childhood febrile seizures.

l. Any current or history of malignancy, with the exception of cutaneous basal cell carcinoma,non-invasive squamous cell carcinoma, or any other malignancies not requiring systemic


m. Current or history of osteopenia and osteoporosis.

3. Current participation in an ongoing investigational drug protocol or use of any investigational drug within 30 days (based on last dose received) prior to receipt of any study drugs.

4. Therapy with any prescription, over-the-counter (OTC), herbal, or holistic medications, including hormonal contraceptives by any route, within 5 half-lives of the agent prior to receipt of any study medications will not be permitted with the following exception: Intermittent or short-course therapy (<14 days) with prescription or OTC medications, herbals, or holistic medications within the screening period prior to starting study drugs may be permitted, and will be reviewed by investigators on a case-by-case basis for potential drug interactions. Receipt of influenza vaccination will be allowed prior to, during, and/or after the study.

5. Inability to obtain venous access for sample collection.

6. Inability to swallow whole capsules and/or tablets.

7. Pregnant or breastfeeding.

8. Drug use that may impair safety or adherence.

9. Use of nicotine-containing products, including cigarettes and chewing tobacco, nicotine patches, gum, electronic cigarettes, etc.

10. Organ or stem cell transplant recipient.

11. Uncorrected and persistent electrolyte abnormalities (eg, potassium, magnesium, and calcium).

12. Current alcohol use disorders (DSM-5 criteria).

13. Fasting total cholesterol > 240 mg/dL or fasting triglycerides > 240 mg/dL at screening.

14. Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, contraindicates participation in this study.

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Not Provided

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Joseph A. Kovacs, M.D.
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
(301) 496-9907

Doris Z. Swaim, R.N.
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 2C145
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(301) 827-9716

Office of Patient Recruitment
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Building 61, 10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
Local Phone: 301-451-4383
TTY: TTY Users Dial 7-1-1

Clinical Trials Number:


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