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Protocol Details

Eltrombopag for Patients with Fanconi Anemia

This study is currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Participants currently recruited/enrolled
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 6 Years
Max Age: 99 Years

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)



DNA Repair;

Recruitment Keyword(s)



Fanconi Anemia

Investigational Drug(s)


Investigational Device(s)



Drug: Eltrombopag

Supporting Site

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


Fanconi anemia is a genetic disease. Some people with it have reduced blood cell counts. This means their bone marrow no longer works properly. These people may need blood transfusions for anemia (low red blood cells) or low platelet counts or bleeding. Researchers want to see if a new drug will help people with this disease.


To find out if a new drug, eltrombopag, is effective in people with Fanconi anemia. To know how long the drug needs to be given to improve blood counts.


People at least 6 years old with Fanconi anemia with reduced blood cell counts.


Participants will be screened with blood and urine tests. They will repeat this before starting to take the study drug.

Participants will take eltrombopag pills by mouth once a day for 24 weeks. They will be monitored closely for side effects.

Participants will have blood tests every 2 weeks while on eltrombopag.

Participants will visit NIH 3 months and 6 months after starting eltrombopag. At these visits, participants will:

Answer questions about their medical history, how they are feeling, and their quality of life

Have a physical exam

Have blood and urine tests

Have a bone marrow sample taken by needle from the hip. The area will be numbed.

If participants blood cell counts improve, they might join the extended access part of the study. They will continue taking eltrombopag for 3 years and sign a different consent.

After 24 weeks of treatment, if there is no improvement in blood cell counts, participants will stop taking eltrombopag. They will return for an optional follow-up visit that repeats the study visits.

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-Confirmed diagnosis of Fanconi anemia. Diagnosis is confirmed by a biallelic mutation in a known FANC gene and/or by positive chromosome breakage analysis in lymphocytes and/or skin fibroblasts (for mosaicism).

- One or more of the following three clinically-significant cytopenias: platelet count <= 50,000/microliter or platelet-transfusion-dependence (requiring at least 4 platelet transfusions in the 8 weeks prior to study entry, see definition of platelet transfusion units at 8.2.1); neutrophil count less than 1000/microliter; hemoglobin less than 10 g/dL or red cell transfusion- dependence (requiring at least 4 transfusions of PRBCs (adult patient 4 units PRBC, pediatric patients at least 10ml/kg/transfusion) in the eight weeks prior to study entry.

-Failed or declined treatment with androgens (danazol or oxymetholone).

-Age >= 6 years old.

-Weight >=10kg.


- Known active or uncontrolled infections not adequately responding to appropriate therapy.

-Evidence for MDS or AML as defined by WHO criteria.

-Any cytogenetic abnormality associated with poor prognosis in FA, including gains of chromosome 3q, gains of chromosome 1q, deletions of chromosome 7, and complex cytogenetics (88-90) identified from bone marrow aspirate. Patients with known biallelic mutations in BRCA2 (FANCD1).

-Active malignancy or likelihood of recurrence of malignancies within 12 months

-Moribund status such that death within 7 to 10 days is likely. Comorbidities of such severity that in the view of the investigator it would likely preclude the patient's ability to tolerate eltrombopag.

-Treatment with androgens (danazol or oxymetholone) less than 4 weeks prior to initiating eltrombopag.

-Creatinine > 2.5 times ULN

-Direct Bilirubin > 3.0mg/dL, indicating congenital abnormalities in the bilirubin level

-SGOT (AST) or SGPT (ALT) >5 times the ULN normal

-Known liver cirrhosis in severity that would preclude tolerability of eltrombopag as evidenced by albumin < 35g/L

-Known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity to EPAG or its components

-Female subjects who are nursing or pregnant (positive serum or urine Beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (Beta-hCG pregnancy test) at screening or pre-dose on Day 1.

-Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception during dosing and for 30 days after the last dose of EPAG. Highly effective contraception methods include:

--Total abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception

--Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking study treatment. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment

--Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening). For female patients on the study the vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that patient.

--Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS), or other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure rate <1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception.

--In case of use of oral contraception women should have been stable on the same pill for a minimum of 3 months before taking study treatment.

--Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had over 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile age appropriate (e.g. generally 40-59 years), history of vasomotor symptoms (e.g. hot flushes) in the absence of other medical justification or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of childbearing potential.

--Sexually active males unless they use a condom during intercourse while taking the study treatment and for 30 days after stopping study treatment and should not father a child in this period. A condom is required to be used also by vasectomized men as well as during intercourse with a male partner in order to prevent delivery of the drug via seminal fluid.

-History of thromboembolic events.

-Unable to take oral medication

-History or current diagnosis of cardiac disease indicating significant risk of safety for patients participating in the study such as uncontrolled or significant cardiac disease, including any of the following:

--Recent myocardial infarction (within last 6 months),

--Uncontrolled congestive heart failure,

--Unstable angina (within last 6 months)

--Clinically significant (symptomatic) cardiac arrhythmias (e.g., sustained ventricular tachycardia, and clinically significant second or third-degree AV block without a pacemaker.)

--Long QT syndrome, family history of idiopathic sudden death, congenital long QT syndrome or additional risk factors for cardiac repolarization abnormality, as determined by the investigator.

--Impaired cardiac function such as corrected QTc>450msec using Fridericia correction on the screening EKG, other clinically significant cardio-vascular diseases (e.g. uncontrolled hypertension, history of labile hypertension), history of known structural abnormalities (e.g. cardiomyopathy).

-History of HIV positivity.

-History of alcohol/drug abuse.

-Concurrent participation in an investigational study within 30 days prior to enrollment or within 5-half-lives of the investigational product, whichever is longer. Note: parallel enrollment in a disease registry is permitted.

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Not Provided

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Andre Larochelle, M.D.
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
NIHBC 10 - CRC BG RM 5-5132
(301) 451-7139

Bretagne Cowling, R.N.
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 5-3140
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(301) 827-3479

Office of Patient Recruitment
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Building 61, 10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
Local Phone: 301-451-4383
TTY: TTY Users Dial 7-1-1

Clinical Trials Number:


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