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Protocol Details

An Open-label Study of Sodium Thiosulfate for Treatment of Calcinosis Associated with Juvenile and Adult Dermatomyositis

This study is NOT currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Recruitment Detail

Type: No longer recruiting/follow-up only
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 7 Years
Max Age: 85 Years

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)



Juvenile Dermatomyositis;
Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies;
Sodium Thiosulfate

Recruitment Keyword(s)



Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies

Investigational Drug(s)

Sodium Thiosulfate

Investigational Device(s)



Drug: Sodium Thiosulfate

Supporting Site

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences


Dermatomyositis (DM) and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) cause inflammation in the muscles. People with DM and JDM can develop calcium deposits in places they should not, known as calcinosis. Calcinosis can be painful and cause disabilities and other problems. Researchers want to learn more about calcinosis to find treatments for it.


To test if sodium thiosulfate (STS) can treat people with DM with calcinosis.


People ages 7 and older who have moderate or severe calcinosis. They must have stable DM and calcium deposits in the torso or at least 2 limbs.


Participants will be screened with:

-Medical history

-Physical exam

-Muscle strength and function tests

-Blood and urine tests

Participants will have several visits:

-7-day pre-treatment visit about 10 weeks before starting STS

-Treatment visits over 10 weeks. They will get STS 3 times a week through IV infusion. They may be hospitalized the whole time. If they tolerate the drug, they may be discharged at certain times. During these times, they will return for the infusions.

- 3- to 5-day post-treatment visits 24 weeks and 62 weeks after starting STS.

Visits may include repeats of screening tests and:


-Scans: They lie in a machine that takes pictures of the body. They may be injected with a radioactive agent.

-Durometry: A small instrument applies pressure on the skin or exposed calcinosis.

-Measurements of blood flow in the arms and fingernail blood vessels

-Photographs of the skin

-Kidney ultrasound

-Tests of kidney function

-Calcinosis aspiration: A needle placed into areas of calcinosis removes liquid.

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1. At least 7 years of age

2. Meets Bohan and Peter criteria, as modified by the International Myositis Assessment and Clinical Studies Group (IMACS), for probable or definite DM or JDM

3. Has extensive calcinosis, defined as calcinosis involving at least 2 extremities or the torso

4. Has moderate to severe calcinosis, defined as having a calcinosis activity visual analogue scale score of greater than or equal to 3.5 cm out of 10 cm

5. Is willing and able to comply with the requirements of the protocol and to undergo all testing

6. Can have IV access established to receive study infusions

7. Myositis disease activity is stable*

8. Medications for myositis are stable for at least 6 weeks prior to study entry**

9. Men and women of reproductive potential must agree to use a reliable form of birth control during the 62-week duration of the study

10. Subjects or their legal guardian must sign a written informed consent

*Stable myositis disease activity will be defined by physician global and patient/parent global VAS that are <4 cm, as well as creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aldolase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) that are less than or equal to 2X upper limit of normal (ULN).

**If a patient has a medication for myositis changed in this window for reasons besides

their myositis activity and has returned to their baseline medication use prior to

enrollment they will still be eligible.


1. Is pregnant or breastfeeding

2. Has known allergies to sodium thiosulfate, any of its components, or dextrose

3. Has severe myositis disease activity as defined by patient/parent or physician global activity visual analogue scale score >4 cm out of 10 cm

4. Has had an escalation of immunosuppressive therapy in the 2 months prior to enrollment for the purpose of treating active myositis disease activity, including the addition of a new agent to treat the patients underlying disease or an increase in dose of an existing medication used to treat the patient s disease (other than an adjustment for weight or body surface area in children)

5. Has a malignancy or had a malignancy within 5 years of diagnosis of their DM (except for benign skin lesions or basal cell carcinoma)

6. Known or suspected history of alcohol or drug abuse in the 6 months prior to study enrollment

7. Has systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, or a condition other than DM that is associated with calcinosis as a complication

8. Has had a change in medications used specifically for calcinosis in the 2 months prior to enrollment, including but not limited to alendronate, etidronate, pamidronate, probenecid, colchicine, diltiazem, thalidomide, and aluminum hydroxide

9. Has used probenecid, diltiazem, aluminum hydroxide, or hydrochlorothiazide in the 2 months prior to enrollment

10. Has currently or has a history of any of the following: heart failure, renal impairment (GFR less than 30 representing severe renal disease), liver disease (Child-Pugh class C), arrhythmias (that are symptomatic or are concerning for progression to symptomatic arrhythmias), or recurrent kidney stones (more than one episode of symptomatic kidney stones separated by at least 1 month), or QT prolongation, or hypocalcemia, or metabolic acidosis, or hypotension

11. Has severe osteoporosis or has had a bone fracture within a year prior to enrollment. For adults, severe osteoporosis as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as bone mineral density (BMD) 2.5 standard deviations below that of a young, normal adult (T-score at or below -2.5 and one or more fractures). For individuals, less than age 18, severe osteoporosis as defined by the First Pediatric Consensus Development Conference as a Z-score below -2 and one or more fractures.

12. Has a psychiatric illness or medical non-compliance that the study team feels will make the patient unlikely to complete the study

13. Has dysphagia where non-oral feeding alternatives are needed.

14. Requires supplemental oxygen therapy

15. Has >3 episodes of cellulitis requiring IV antibiotics related to calcinosis within a year prior to enrollment or cellulitis within 1 month of enrollment

16. Previously received or currently receiving sodium thiosulfate by any route

17. Is on an oral prednisone dose of more than 1mg/kg/day or other oral corticosteroid equivalent.

18. Is taking any concomitant medications that are thought to alter sodium thiosulfate s effects or pharmacokinetics. Once patients have met all other inclusion criteria and no other exclusion criteria this criteria will be checked. A PharmD will evaluate the patient's current medication list for medications with the potential for interaction with sodium thiosulfate. Methodology is as follows: He or she will perform a search in two individual validated medication interaction software programs. He or she will also perform a literature search via PubMed for case reports of interactions with sodium thiosulfate. As an additional safeguard, the PharmD will evaluate the medication list utilizing principles of pharmacology and pharmacokinetics to attempt to identify any potential interactions not yet documented in the literature.

19. Has any health conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, significantly increase the risk of taking sodium thiosulfate or participating in any of the study procedures

20. Weighs less than 26 kilograms.**

21. Has a regimen of pulse steroids or IVIG that is at an interval besides every 1, 2, or 5 weeks.

22. Has a chronic infection that makes assessment of muscle disease difficult including, but not limited to, hepatitis, HIV, HTLV 1, and HTLV 2.

23. Has had a severe complication of diabetes in the past year prior to enrollment.

24. Anemia with a HgB less than 10 at time of screening or deemed to be too low to safely complete study by hematology consult team.

**We will attempt to enroll patients at a weight greater than 28 kg as these patients will be able to obtain all lab work for the study. Patients weighing 26 to 28 kg will only be able to obtain some of the research blood work. Patients less than 26 kg of body weight will be unable to obtain all safety labs, so will not be able to enroll.

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Not Provided

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Adam I. Schiffenbauer, M.D.
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
(301) 451-6270

Julia I. Agafonova
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 2N119
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(301) 402-2681

Office of Patient Recruitment
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Building 61, 10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
Local Phone: 301-451-4383
TTY: TTY Users Dial 7-1-1

Clinical Trials Number:


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