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Protocol Details

A Phase I/IIa Study of RS1 Ocular Gene Transfer for X-linked Retinoschisis

This study is NOT currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Eye Institute (NEI)

Recruitment Detail

Type: No longer recruiting/follow-up only
Gender: Male
Min Age: 18 Years
Max Age: N/A

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)

Adults who are or may become unable to consent;
Pregnant Women;
Non-English Speaking;


Gene Transfer;
AAV Vector

Recruitment Keyword(s)




Investigational Drug(s)


Investigational Device(s)



Biological/Vaccine: RS1 AAV Vector

Supporting Site

National Eye Institute


- X-linked juvenile retinoschisis (XLRS) is caused by changes in the RS1 gene. These changes cause abnormal function of the eye protein retinoschisin. Without normal retinoschisin, the layers of the retina split and vision is lost. Researchers want to try to introduce a healthy RS1 gene into eye cells, to see if this helps retinal cells make healthy retinoschisin. They will put the gene in a virus. The gene and virus package is known as a gene transfer vector (AAV-RS1 vector).


- To see if the AAV-RS1 vector is safe to use in people.


- Adults 18 and older with a mutation of the RS1 gene, 20/63 vision or worse in one eye, and XLRS.


- Participants will be screened with genetic tests to confirm XLRS. They will have a medical history and physical and eye exams.

- At visits 1-2, participants will have some or all of the following:

- Medical history

- Physical exam

- Blood and urine tests

- Tuberculosis skin test

- Eye exam

- Vision tests (for one test an intravenous line will be placed in the arm. A dye will be injected that will travel to the blood vessels in the eye).

- At visit 3, the AAV-RS1 vector will be injected with a needle in the study eye. Participants pupils will be dilated. They will get numbing eye drops.

- Visits 4-13 will occur in the 18 months after gene transfer. Many of the above tests will be repeated. Participants will discuss any side effects.

- Visits 14-17 will occur yearly between years 2 and 5.

- After year 5, participants will be contacted yearly by phone for up to 15 years.

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- Participant is male with a mutation in the RS1 gene identified by genotyping.

-Participant must be 18 years of age or older.

-Participant must be able to understand and sign the informed consent.

-Participant must be medically able to comply with the study treatment, study testing and procedures and follow-up visits.

-Participant has at least one eye that meets the study eye criteria listed below.

-Participant must agree not to receive live (attenuated) vaccines prior to dosing and for some duration following dosing.

-Participant must agree to use effective barrier (male or female condom) of contraception before dosing and continuing one year after gene transfer.

- If the participant's partner is able to become pregnant, a second form of effective contraception will be required before dosing and continuing one year after gene transfer.

Effective methods of contraception for this study include:

-hormonal contraception (birth control pills, injected hormones or vaginal ring),

-intrauterine device,

-barrier methods (condom or diaphragm) combined with spermicide,

-surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or tubal ligation in partner or vasectomy).

-Participant agrees to use appropriate sun protection when on immunomodulatory agents.


- Participant is actively receiving another study medication/investigational product (IP).

- Participant has previously enrolled in another gene therapy trial.

- Participant is currently taking, or has taken in the last three months, a systemic carbonic anhydrase inhibitor prior to enrollment/baseline 1 testing.

- Participant has any condition that significantly increases risk of systemic corticosteroids or systemic steroid-sparing immuno-modulatory agents, such as HIV, syphilis, tuberculosis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or diabetes mellitus (DM).

- Participant has an underlying serious illness that impairs regular follow-up during the study.

- Participant has had diagnosis or treatment of a malignancy (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) within the previous five years.

- Participant has pre-existing ocular tumors (excluding non-suspicious nevi).

- Participant has a known allergy to fluorescein dye or other contraindications to obtaining a fluorescein angiogram.

- Participant is on a medication that prevents safe administration of study related drugs.

- Participant has uncontrolled hypertension. (Hypertension judged to be adequately controlled at baseline medical evaluation is not exclusionary.)

- Participant has compromised renal function such that cyclosporine or cellcept would be contraindicated.

- Participant has significant liver disease with elevated liver enzymes (greater than or equal to 2.5 times ULN).

- Participant has low absolute neutrophil count (ANC<1.3 x 10(3)/micro liters).

- Participant has used any biologic immunosuppressive agents within the last three months (within the last six months for rituximab or cyclophosphamide).


The participant must have at least one eye meeting all inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria listed below.


-The study eye must have a best-corrected E-ETDRS visual acuity letterscore of less than or equal to 63 (i.e., worse than or equal to 20/63). The visual acuity from the first baseline visit (Baseline 1) will be used for eligibility determination in case of a change in visual acuity at the second baseline visit (Baseline 2).

-Electroretinogram in the study eye with a scotopic combined response demonstrating a subnormal b wave, consistent with retinoschisis.


-The study eye has a history of other ocular disease likely to contribute significantly to visual loss or likely to present special risks (e.g., optic neuropathy, advanced glaucoma, uveitis, large bullous schisis cavities or bullous retinal detachment precluding safe intravitreal injection).

-The study eye has lens, cornea, or other media opacities precluding adequate visualization and testing of the retina.

-The study eye has undergone intraocular surgery within six months prior to enrollment.

-The study eye is receiving topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, or has received topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors in the past three months.


If both eyes of a participant meet the study eye eligibility criteria, the choice of study eye will be determined as follows:

--The eye with the worse visual acuity will be selected as the study eye.

--If both eyes have the same visual acuity, the choice of study eye will be determined at the discretion of the investigator in consultation with the participant.

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Not Provided

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Catherine A. Cukras, M.D.
National Eye Institute (NEI)
NIHBC 10 - CRC BG RM 3-2531
(301) 503-1305

Patti Sherry, C.R.N.O.
National Eye Institute (NEI)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 10D45
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(301) 435-4529

Office of Patient Recruitment
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Building 61, 10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
Local Phone: 301-451-4383
TTY: TTY Users Dial 7-1-1

Clinical Trials Number:


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