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Protocol Details

An Open-Label, Proof-of-Concept Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Dexpramipexole (KNS-760704) in Subjects with Hypereosinophilic Syndrome

This study is NOT currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Recruitment Detail

Type: No longer recruiting/follow-up only
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 18 Years
Max Age: N/A

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)




Recruitment Keyword(s)




Investigational Drug(s)


Investigational Device(s)



Drug: Dexpramipexole

Supporting Site

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious DiseasesKnopp Biosciences


- Eosinophils are white blood cells that fight infections. In people with hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES), eosinophil levels are too high and can damage their organs. HES is usually treated with steroids, but steroids can cause side effects and stop working over time. Researchers want to see if a drug called dexpramipexole, being developed by Knopp Pharmaceuticals, can help people with HES to reduce their steroid dose.


- To test whether dexpramipexole can reduce the steroid dose needed to control eosinophilia and HES symptoms.


- Adults 18 and older with HES who respond to steroids, but need more than 10 mg daily to control eosinophilia and symptoms.


- The study will last 9 months with 6 visits to NIH.

- Participants will be screened with medical history, physical exam, and urine and blood samples.

-Participants steroids will be tapered to the lowest effective dose. During this time, blood will be drawn weekly. Participants will take this dose for 2 weeks before starting the study drug.

-Participants will take the study drug twice daily by mouth for 12 weeks along with steroids. The steroid dose will not be decreased during this time and participants will be seen monthly for a medical history, physical examination and blood work.

-Just before and 12 weeks after starting the study drug, the following tests will be performed:

- medical history and physical exam

- blood and urine tests

- lung function tests

- electrocardiogram (measures heart electrical activity)

- echocardiogram (takes pictures of the heart using sound waves)

- bone marrow biopsy (a needle inserted into the hip bone that removes bone marrow cells for study)

-After 12 weeks, the participants steroid dose will be tapered again to the lowest effective dose while on study drug.

-Two weeks after the lowest effective dose is reached, participants will return for a medical history, physical examination, blood work, lung and heart tests.

-Participants who respond to the study drug may be able to continue to receive the drug on a planned separate study.

- Four weeks after stopping the study drug, participants will have medical history, physical exam, and blood tests.

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A subject will be eligible for participation in the study only if all of the following criteria apply:

1. The subject is male or female, age greater than or equal to 18 years

2. The subject has a documented history of HES requiring greater than or equal to 10 mg prednisone (or equivalent) to maintain disease control.

HES is defined as 1) peripheral blood eosinophilia (>1500 eosinophils/microliter) on at least two occasions, 2) signs and symptoms of organ system involvement attributable to the eosinophilia, and 3) exclusion of secondary causes of eosinophilia, such as parasitic helminth infection, drug hypersensitivity and neoplasms, for which appropriate therapy is directed at the underlying cause

3. HES symptoms are stable on the current corticosteroid dose.

4. The subject agrees to storage of samples for study.

5. Females are eligible for this study if they are:

(1) of non-childbearing potential (i.e., women who have had a hysterectomy or tubal ligation or are postmenopausal as defined by no menses in 1 year); OR

(2) of childbearing potential but willing to practice effective contraception or abstinence during administration of the study drug and for 3 months after administration of the investigational study drug (dexpramipexole).

Participation of Women:

Contraception: Pre-clinical animal data demonstrated some fetal risk, suggesting there may a human reproductive risk. Subjects must agree not to become pregnant. Females of childbearing potential must have a pregnancy test before the first dose of dexpramipexole. Because of the risk involved, subjects and their partners must use two methods of birth control. They must continue to use both methods for 3 months after stopping the study drug. Two methods of birth control may be selected from the list included below:

-Hormonal contraception

-Male or female condoms with or without a spermicide

-Diaphragm or cervical cap with a spermicide

-Intrauterine device (IUD)

If pregnancy is suspected or should occur, subjects must notify the study staff immediately.


A subject will not be eligible to participate in the study if any of the following conditions are fulfilled at the time of enrollment:

1. Life-threatening HES or other condition that, in the Investigator s opinion, places the subject at undue risk by participating in the study

2. Pregnant or breast-feeding

3. History of malignancy, including solid tumors and hematologic malignancies (except basal cell and squamous cell cancers of the skin that have been completely excised and cured)

4. HIV infection or any other known immunodeficiency.

5. Biopsy-proven eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis

6. Positive test for FIP1L1/PDGFRA fusion gene

7. Absolute neutrophil count <2000/microliter at screening, or any documented history of neutropenia

8. Renal dysfunction, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of less than or equal to 80 mg/dL at screening (estimation of creatinine clearance using the MDRD formula).

9. Cardiac abnormality defined as:

a. Moderate to severely decreased cardiac function (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 20% or history of LVEF <20% within the past 6 months or NYHA class IIIb or IV)

b. History of angina or acute myocardial infarction in the past 6 months

c. History or long QT syndrome or arrhythmia.

d. A prolongation of QT/QTcF interval (e.g., repeated demonstration of a QT/QTcF interval >450 ms before study treatment administration) at screening, admission or pre-dose on Day 1.

e. Any clinically important abnormalities in resting ECG that may interfere with the interpretation of QTcF interval changes at screening, admission or pre-dose on Day 1.

This includes subjects with any of the following:

i. PR interval >210 ms;

ii. QRS >110 ms;

iii. Heart rate <45 bpm or >100 bpm (average of 3 assessments).

10. Recent history or suspicion of drug or alcohol abuse in the preceding 6 months

11. Treatment with an investigational drug in the previous 30 days

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Ogbogu PU, Bochner BS, Butterfield JH, Gleich GJ, Huss-Marp J, Kahn JE, Leiferman KM, Nutman TB, Pfab F, Ring J, Rothenberg ME, Roufosse F, Sajous MH, Sheikh J, Simon D, Simon HU, Stein ML, Wardlaw A, Weller PF, Klion AD. Hypereosinophilic syndrome: a multicenter, retrospective analysis of clinical characteristics and response to therapy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009 Dec;124(6):1319-25.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2009.09.022. Epub .

Bozik ME, Mather JL, Kramer WG, Gribkoff VK, Ingersoll EW. Safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of KNS-760704 (dexpramipexole) in healthy adult subjects. J Clin Pharmacol. 2011 Aug;51(8):1177-85. doi: 10.1177/0091270010379412. Epub 2010 Oct 19.

Cudkowicz ME, van den Berg LH, Shefner JM, Mitsumoto H, Mora JS, Ludolph A, Hardiman O, Bozik ME, Ingersoll EW, Archibald D, Meyers AL, Dong Y, Farwell WR, Kerr DA; EMPOWER investigators. Dexpramipexole versus placebo for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (EMPOWER): a randomised, double-blind, phase 3 trial. Lancet Neurol. 2013 Nov;12(11):1059-67. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(13)70221-7. Epub 2013 Sep 23. Erratum in: Lancet Neurol. 2013 Nov;12(11):1042. Carbonell, J G [corrected to Gamez, J].

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Amy D. Klion, M.D.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
NIHBC 04 BG RM B1-28
(301) 435-8903

Thomas W. Brown Jr, R.N.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 12C103-20
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(301) 402-7823

Office of Patient Recruitment
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Building 61, 10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
Local Phone: 301-451-4383
TTY: TTY Users Dial 7-1-1

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