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Protocol Details

Disease Pathogenesis and Natural History of Lipid Disorders

This study is currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Participants currently recruited/enrolled
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 2 Years
Max Age: 100 Years

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)



Free and Esterfied Cholesterol;
Lipoprotein Transport System;
Natural History

Recruitment Keyword(s)




Investigational Drug(s)


Investigational Device(s)




Supporting Site

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

This study will evaluate people with dyslipidemias - disorders that affect the fat content in the blood. Fats, or lipids, such as cholesterol and triglycerides, are carried in the blood in particles called lipoproteins. These particles are involved in causing blood vessel diseases that can lead to conditions like atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) or heart attack. Participants will undergo accepted medical tests and procedures to evaluate their condition. Most of the test results are helpful in making a diagnosis and in guiding treatment.

People with lipid disorders are eligible for this study. Representative types of patients include those with:

- Plasma cholesterol levels greater than 200 mg/dl or less than 120 mg/dl

- Plasma LDL-C levels greater than 130 mg/dl or less than 70 mg/dl

- Plasma HDL-C levels greater than 70 mg/dl or less than 25 mg/dl

- Unusual cholesterol deposits or xanthomas (nodules of lipid deposits on the skin)

Children under 2 years of age are excluded from the study.

Participants will undergo some or all of the following procedures:

- Plasma evaluation. Apolipoproteins (plasma proteins involved in metabolism of cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids, and proteins in the blood) and enzymes involved in lipid metabolism are measured.

- Fat biopsy. A small sample of fat tissue is collected for examination. For this test, an area on the buttock or abdominal wall is numbed. A needle is inserted into the fat, and a small amount of tissue is sucked out by a syringe.

- Leukapheresis. White blood cells are collected to help diagnose the lipid disorder. For this test, blood is collected through a needle in an arm vein, similar to donating blood. The blood circulates through a machine that separates it into its components, and the white cells are removed. The rest of the blood is returned to the body, either through the same needle or through another needle in the other arm.

- Skin biopsy. Skin cells are collected for study. The cells are grown in the laboratory and the amount of cholesterol that enters or leaves the cells is measured, providing information on abnormalities in cholesterol transport. For this test, an area of skin is numbed with an anesthetic and a small circular area is removed, using a skin punch instrument similar to a sharp cookie cutter.

- Heparin infusion study. Heparin, a blood thinner, releases enzymes that break down fat in the blood. Lipase activity (breakdown of fats) in the blood is measured following the injection of heparin into a vein.

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- Children >= 2 years of age and >12 kg and adults

- Dyslipidemia subjects of interest the group

The following is a representative list of the types of patient presentations with dyslipidemia and potential diagnoses eligible for this protocol:

- Plasma cholesterol levels >200 mg/dl or <120 mg/dl includes patients with diagnoses such as familial hypercholesterolemia, familial combined hyperlipidemia, sitosterolemia, lipoprotein lipase, hepatic lipase or apo-CII deficiency, and dysbetalipoproteinemia.

- Plasma LDL-C levels >130 mg/dl or <70 mg/dl includes patients with diagnoses such as familial hypercholesterolemia, PCSK9, apo3500, familial combined hyperlipidemia, sitosterolemia, dysbetalipoproteinemia, abetalipoproteinemia and hypobetalipoproteinemia.

- Plasma HDL-C levels >70 mg/dl or <25 mg/dl includes patients with deficiency of cholesteryl ester transfer protein, lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase, phospholipid transfer protein, lipoprotein lipase, hepatic lipase, or apo-CII, ANGPTL3, and Tangier disease.

- Plasma triglyceride levels >150 mg/dl includes patients with deficiency of lipoprotein lipase, hepatic lipase or apoC-II, GPIHBP1, LMF1, dysbetalipoproteinemia, Type I, Type IV and Type V hyperlipidemia.

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Iverius PH, Ostlund-Lindqvist AM. Preparation, characterization, and measurement of lipoprotein lipase. Methods Enzymol. 1986;129:691-704. No abstract available.

Santamarina-Fojo S, Brewer HB Jr. The familial hyperchylomicronemia syndrome. New insights into underlying genetic defects. JAMA. 1991 Feb 20;265(7):904-8. No abstract available.

Chait A, Iverius PH, Brunzell JD. Lipoprotein lipase secretion by human monocyte-derived macrophages. J Clin Invest. 1982 Feb;69(2):490-3.

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Robert D. Shamburek, M.D.
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
NIHBC 10 - CRC BG RM 5-3581
(301) 496-3460

Robert D. Shamburek, M.D.
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
NIHBC 10 - CRC BG RM 5-3581
(301) 496-3460

Office of Patient Recruitment
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Building 61, 10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
Local Phone: 301-451-4383
TTY: TTY Users Dial 7-1-1

Clinical Trials Number:


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