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Protocol Details

ClinSeq: A Large-Scale Medical Sequencing Clinical Research Pilot Study

This study is currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts

Summary

Number

07-HG-0002

Sponsoring Institute

National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Participants currently recruited/enrolled
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 45
Max Age: 65

Referral Letter Required

No

Population Exclusion(s)

None

Special Instructions

Currently Not Provided

Keywords

Genome;
Cardiovascular;
Volunteers;
Genes;
Atherosclerosis

Recruitment Keyword(s)

Cardiovascular;
Genes

Condition(s)

Cardiovascular Disease;
Coronary Artery Calcification

Investigational Drug(s)

None

Investigational Device(s)

None

Intervention(s)

None

Supporting Site

National Human Genome Research Institute

This study will examine genome sequencing in clinical research. Genome sequencing is a process in which researchers analyze (or sequence) part or all of the genome from a single person. The human genome is the material in cells that includes thousands of genes. Gene changes that cause or contribute to disease can be passed on from one generation to the next. This study first focuses on heart disease. Later, researchers hope to study other conditions and genes, with the eventual goal of sequencing most or all of participants genes.

Participants ages 45 to 65 years of age and who do not smoke, may be eligible for this study. Patients will come to the NIH Clinical Research Center for an initial study to last about half a day. They will donate a blood sample and complete a short survey. Then they will meet the genetic counselor to learn more about genome sequencing. Those who join the study will undergo the following procedures and evaluations:

-Family history and medical history.

-Measurement of height and blood pressure.

-Noninvasive heart tests, including electrocardiogram and echocardiogram.

-Drawing of about 3 ounces of blood (5 to 6 tablespoons); part of the blood sample will be used for research and another part for clinical testing.

-Multidetector computed tomography (CT), a test to measure coronary artery calcification, that is, condition of inflexibility.

Each patient will receive a letter with results of the clinical laboratory values and evaluations. There will be recommendations for follow-up with the patient s doctors. Risks in this study include exposure to radiation from the CT test. The radiation amount used is about the same that a person normally receives from natural sources, such as from the sun, outer space, and radioactive materials found naturally in the earth s air and soil. Another slight risk involves reactions to a contrast agent that may be used in the echocardiogram. Side effects can be headache, nausea or vomiting, a warm sensation, and dizziness.

With the samples that patients provide, researchers will start by sequencing about 400 genes related to heart disease. Analysis will take months to complete. Genome sequencing is difficult to do, and researchers have much to learn about the genes they sequence and the gene changes they find. If the researchers find gene changes that are important to the health of a participant, they will contact that participant and give him/her the choice of learning such results.

This study may or may not have a direct benefit for participants. Patients would get free clinical testing for cholesterol, diabetes, and other conditions, as well as information about gene changes. Knowledge gained will benefit people in the future as researchers learn about the relationship between gene changes and health.

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Eligibility

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Group A

We plan to recruit a cohort whose risk to develop coronary artery disease will range from less than 5 percent, based on the 10-year-risk provided by the Framingham risk score, to greater than 10 percent, and including those with known coronary artery disease. The 10-year-risk will be measured by the Framingham risk score based on LDL cholesterol levels.

Individuals eligible for Bins 1-3 of this study will be 45 to 65 years of age, and individuals eligible for Bin 4 must be 35-65 years of age. We selected this cutoff as we are interested in recruiting a cohort whose coronary artery calcification (CAC) measurements range from normal to diseased, and it has been shown that abnormal CAC is infrequent below this age. Also, individuals eligible for this study will be required to have a primary care physician or equivalent with whom we can communicate in the event we uncover a condition that merits follow-up. The exception to this includes individuals in Group A2 who are recruited through the community outreach being done by Ms. Sandra Epps. These individuals will not be required to have a primary care physician, although we will strongly recommend that they attend a community health clinic for follow-up on clinical recommendations from the study. Additionally, individuals eligible for this study will be required to be non-smokers at the time of enrollment, for our purposes defined as someone who has not smoked regularly during the previous 12 months.

Due to the large number of individuals to be recruited and the intention to follow this cohort longitudinally, we will focus our efforts on the metropolitan DC and Baltimore areas (in order to minimize reluctance to participate because of travel limitations). If recruitment is below anticipated levels, we may seek additional subjects from the Richmond, VA metropolitan area. Individuals who are not local to these areas may be considered for participation if they are part of other protocols within NHLBI, and travel to the NIH Clinical Research Center on a regular basis for follow-up, or if they are willing to travel to the NIH as needed for protocol participation (at their own expense). Bin 4 participants will be eligible to have the cost of their transportation, meals and lodging covered if they must travel > 500 miles for their clinical visits.

An eligibility screen will be performed by telephone to ascertain age, basic demographics, smoking history, and presence or absence of known cardiovascular disease. We intend to recruit persons of both sexes, of diverse ethnic and racial categories, and from various socio-economic backgrounds.

Group B

The eligibility for Group B is distinct from Group A. Group B eligibility requires:

1) relative enrolled in Group A

2) age over 18 years, unless the phenotype under study affects children

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Individual excluded from participating in the study include: (1) first-degree relatives of enrolled ClinSeq participants (unless they fall into Group B); and (2) individuals who are directly involved with gathering data and analyzing the clinical and genotyping data, including the Principal Investigator, the Associate Investigators, the ClinSeq staff involved with the subjects at the clinical level (such as the Nurse Practitioner, Genetic counselor, etc.), and the staff at NISC involved with generating and analyzing the sequence data ; and (3) individuals who request access to their raw sequence data for analysis outside of ClinSeq .


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Citations:

Antoniou A, Pharoah PD, Narod S, Risch HA, Eyfjord JE, Hopper JL, Loman N, Olsson H, Johannsson O, Borg A, Pasini B, Radice P, Manoukian S, Eccles DM, Tang N, Olah E, Anton-Culver H, Warner E, Lubinski J, Gronwald J, Gorski B, Tulinius H, Thorlacius S, Eerola H, Nevanlinna H, Syrjakoski K, Kallioniemi OP, Thompson D, Evans C, Peto J, Lalloo F, Evans DG, Easton DF. Average risks of breast and ovarian cancer associated with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations detected in case Series unselected for family history: a combined analysis of 22 studies. Am J Hum Genet. 2003 May;72(5):1117-30. Epub 2003 Apr 3. Erratum in: Am J Hum Genet. 2003 Sep;73(3):709.

Austin MA, Harding S, McElroy C. Genebanks: a comparison of eight proposed international genetic databases. Community Genet. 2003;6(1):37-45.

Bell J. Predicting disease using genomics. Nature. 2004 May 27;429(6990):453-6.

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Contacts:

Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Leslie G. Biesecker, M.D.
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
BG 49 RM 4A56
49 CONVENT DR
BETHESDA MD 20814
(301) 402-2041
lesb@mail.nih.gov

Katie L. Lewis
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 3c710c
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(301) 594-3063
katie.lewis2@nih.gov

Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office
Building 61
10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4754
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
TTY: 301-594-9774 (local),1-866-411-1010 (toll free)
Fax: 301-480-9793

prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov

Clinical Trials Number:

NCT00410241

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