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Protocol Details

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Deciphering the Mechanisms Involved In Microbial Translocation Across the Spectrum of HCV Associated Liver Fibrosis

This study is NOT currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Completed Study; data analyses ongoing
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 18
Max Age: N/A

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)


Special Instructions

Currently Not Provided


Chronic Hepatitis C;
Liver Biopsy;

Recruitment Keyword(s)




Investigational Drug(s)


Investigational Device(s)




Supporting Site

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


- Hepatitis C infection (HCV) is a leading cause of liver disease. Normal bacteria from the intestines may spread to the liver and blood during liver disease. This is called bacterial translocation (BT). Researchers think BT may cause liver disease to worsen.


- To study the mechanisms involved in BT in early and advanced liver disease. To find out whether BT causes liver disease to worsen.


- People over age 18 with HCV and clinically stable liver disease.


- Participants will be screened with medical history and physical exam. They will have blood tests and imaging studies.

- Participants will have 2 outpatient visits and a 3-day stay at the clinic.

- At visit 1, participants will have urine and blood tests. They will have a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. A solution will be injected into a vein. The MRI scanner is a metal cylinder surrounded by a magnetic field. The participant will lie on a table that slides in and out of the cylinder.

- At visit 2, a substance will be injected into a vein and swallowed. Participants will then have blood drawn 5 times over 90 minutes.

- During the inpatient stay, serial blood tests will be drawn.

- Participants will give 2 stool samples and have another MRI.

- A needle will be inserted through the chest wall into a vein inside the liver, guided by ultrasound. The blood pressure inside this vein will be measured and blood will be drawn from it. About 1 inch of liver tissue will be removed.

- A study investigator will call participants to discuss all test results.

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1. All age greater than 18 male or female

2. Capacity to provide written informed consent

3. Evidence of HCV RNA in 2 serum samples at least 6 months apart.

4. All HCV genotypes

5. Liver biopsy in the last 2 years prior to enrollment showing Ishak fibrosis score of either 0-1 or 5-6. An alternative to liver biopsy will be a Fibroscan study performed in the 6 months prior to study enrollment showing a score of either kPa <7 or above 13.

6. Child-Pugh score less than or equal to 6

7. Prior to each liver biopsy and portal vein cannulation procedure, blood will be drawn for CBC, PT/INR & acute care panel.


1. Pregnant women or females at child bearing age not taking measures to prevent pregnancy during the period of study

2. Patients currently on treatment for hepatitis C

3. Clinical, serologic or histopathologic evidence supporting other etiologies of chronic liver disease besides HCV

4. Current or past clinical evidence of decompensated liver disease (e.g. ascites, bleeding esophageal varices, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, encephalopathy etc.)

5. Cross sectional liver imaging study from the past 6 months showing a focal lesion suspicious of hepatocellular carcinoma and/or alpha-fetoprotein level greater than 200 ng/mL.

6. Patients with active bacterial, viral or fungal, systemic or localized infection.

7. Antibiotic treatment 30 days prior to study enrollment

8. History of chronic inflammatory diseases of the bowel (Crohn s disease, Ulcerative colitis and celiac disease)

9. History of congestive heart failure of moderate to severe degree.

10. History of non-cirrhotic portal hypertension or portal vein thrombosis

11. Patients with severe allergic reactions to iodine contrast, which cannot be controlled by premedication with antihistamines and steroids.


12.1 Subjects with contraindication to MRI scanning. These contraindications include but are not limited to the following devices or conditions:

<TAB>a. Implanted cardiac pacemaker or defibrillator

<TAB>b. Cochlear Implants

<TAB>c. Ocular foreign body (e.g. metal shavings)

<TAB>d. Embedded shrapnel fragments

<TAB>e. Central nervous system aneurysm clips

<TAB>f. Implanted neural stimulator

<TAB>g. Medical infusion pumps

<TAB>h. Any implanted device that is incompatible with MRI.

12.2 Unsatisfactory performance status as judged by the referring physician such that the subject could not tolerate an MRI scan. Examples of medical conditions that would not be accepted would include unstable angina and dyspnea at rest.

12.3 Subjects requiring sedation for MRI studies.

12.4 Subjects with a condition precluding entry into the scanner (e.g. morbid obesity, claustrophobia, etc.).

12.5 Pregnant or lactating women.

12.6 Subjects with severe back-pain or motion disorders who will be unable to tolerate supine positioning within the MRI scanner and hold still for the duration of the examination.

12.7 For Gadolinium based and SPIO MRI Use:

<TAB>a. History of severe allergic reaction to these contrast agents despite the use of premeditation with an anti-histaminic and cortisone.

<TAB>b. eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73m^2

13. Absolute neutrophil count below 1000/mm^3, Hemoglobin level below 10.0 g/dl or platelet count lower than 70,000/mm^3.

14. INR greater than or equal to 1.5, PTT greater than or equal to 1.3 times control and/or any known history of disease associated with increased bleeding diathesis.

15. Serum creatinine greater than or equal to 2.0 mg/dl unless the measured creatinine clearance is greater than 60 mL/min

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Not Provided

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Theo Heller, M.D.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
BG 10 RM 10N248A
(301) 402-7147

Theo Heller, M.D.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
BG 10 RM 10N248A
(301) 402-7147

Office of Patient Recruitment
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Building 61, 10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
Local Phone: 301-451-4383
TTY: 1-866-411-1010

Clinical Trials Number:


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