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Protocol Details

A New Method for Determining Gastric Acid Output Using a Wireless Capsule

This study is NOT currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts

Summary

Number

08-DK-0138

Sponsoring Institute

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Completed Study; data analyses ongoing
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 18
Max Age: N/A

Referral Letter Required

No

Population Exclusion(s)

Children

Special Instructions

Currently Not Provided

Keywords

Gastric Acid Output;
Hyper/Hyposecretion;
Gastric Analysis;
Gastric pH;
SmartPill;
ph Monitoring

Recruitment Keyword(s)

Gastric Analysis;
Gastric Secretion;
Gastric Acid Output;
Healthy Volunteer;
HV

Condition(s)

Gastric Acid Secretory Disorders

Investigational Drug(s)

None

Investigational Device(s)

None

Intervention(s)

None

Supporting Site

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Background:

- Acid-related gastrointestinal disorders are numerous and may require chronic treatment and maintenance, but they are often difficult to diagnose and treat. Gastric analysis is a critical tool for diagnosing and treating acid-related disorders; however, at present it requires a technically difficult procedure, using a nasogastric tube, that is costly, invasive, and uncomfortable. Recently a new tool, the SmartPill, has been developed that can measure acid levels, temperature, and pressure throughout the stomach, small intestine, and colon by swallowing a small capsule. Researchers are interested in comparing current methods of measuring stomach acid with the SmartPill by studying both healthy volunteers and individuals with acid-related gastrointestinal disorders.

Objectives:

- To evaluate the usefulness and accuracy of the SmartPill for gastric analysis, compared with current procedures.

Eligibility:

- Phase 1A/1B: Healthy volunteers between 18 and 60 years of age.

- Phase 2: Individuals at least 18 years of age who have been diagnosed with Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome or acid hypersecretion.

- Phase 3: Individuals at least 18 years of age who have been diagnosed with refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease, peptic ulcer disease, or idiopathic gastric hypersecretion.

Design:

- This study involves a screening visit, a 3-day inpatient study visit, and possible additional outpatient visits.

- Participants will be screened with a medical history and physical examination, as well as blood and urine samples.

- Phase 1A/1B: Participants will have a 3-day inpatient study visit with the following procedures:

- Imaging study of the stomach (simultaneous gastric emptying scintigraphy), followed by a special diet for the next day s test.

- Gastric analysis using a nasogastric tube to collect stomach acid secretions.

- SmartPill study, in which participants will ingest a SmartPill and wear a monitor for 24 to 48 hours to collect readings.

- Participants in Phase 1A will have a second outpatient SmartPill study 7 days after the first SmartPill study. Participants in Phase 1B will not have the second SmartPill study.

- Phase 2 and Phase 3: Participants will have a 3-day inpatient study visit with the following procedures:

- Imaging study of the stomach (simultaneous gastric emptying scintigraphy), followed by a special diet for the next day s test.

- Gastric analysis using a nasogastric tube to collect stomach acid secretions.

- SmartPill study, in which participants will ingest a SmartPill and wear a monitor for 24 to 48 hours to collect readings.

- Phase 2 and 3 participants will have outpatient study visits only if directed by the study researchers.

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Eligibility

CURRENTLY ONLY RECRUITING Patients with Zollinger Ellison Syndrome and Hypersecretion AND Patients with Refractory GERD, Peptic ulcer disease, Idiopathic Gastric Hypersecretion

Phase II, Use in Patients with Zollinger Ellison Syndrome and Hypersecretion

INCLUSION:

-Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES) as diagnosed by one of the following criteria: histologic confirmation of gastrinoma, positive provocative testing with secretin (an increase of >200 pg/mL postinjection), gastric acid hypersecretion (BAO > 15) in the presence of hypergastrinemia (fasting serum gastrin > 99)

-Multiple endocrine neoplasia type-I (MEN1) with suspicion of ZES (hypergastrinemia) undergoing evaluation. MEN-I with ZES

-Hypergastrinemia (serum gastrin > 99)

Patients must meet at least 1 of the above inclusion criteria and the following:

-Ages equal to or greater than 18 years

-Male, females, all ethnicities

EXCLUSION:

-History of gastric surgery (gastrectomy, pyloroplasty)

-Use of bowel motility medications such as, but not limited to, Reglan, Immodium, and Lomotil

-Contraindication to SmartPill: history of gastric bezoar, disorders of swallowing, suspected strictures, fistulas, or physiological GI obstruction, GI surgery within the past three months, severe dysphagia to food or pills, Crohn s Disease or diverticulitis, a subject who uses an implanted or portable electro-mechanical medical device such as a cardiac pacemaker or infusion pump

-Pregnancy and breastfeeding. Females of childbearing potential must be on an acceptable means of birth control and no intercourse in 2 weeks prior to study enrollment.

-Lactose intolerance or inability to drink standard meal of Ensure Plus

-Estabished diagnosis of gastroparesis

-Significant systemic or major illnesses including, but not limited to, stroke, congestive heart failure, renal failure (creatinine clearance < 50 ml/min), organ transplantation, angina pectoris, active malignancy, and autonomic neuropathy

-Unstable psychiatric conditions, untreated or uncontrolled depression or generalized anxiety disorder, substance abuse within the past year, in order to prevent feeling of being uncomfortable or to prevent lack of follow-up

-Use of not-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for 2 weeks prior to study enrollment

Phase IIIA, Use in Patients with Refractory GERD, Peptic ulcer disease, Idiopathic Gastric Hypersecretion

INCLUSION:

-Gastric acid hypersecretion (BAO>15 mEq/hr)

-Conditions with gastric acid hypersecretion including, but not limited to, patients with systemic mastocytosis (SM)

-Refractory GERD (patients with persistant symptoms despite being on standard medical therapy), PUD, and suspected idiopathic gastric hypersecretion

Patients must meet at least 1 of the above inclusion criteria and the following:

-Ages equal to or greater than 18 years

-Male, females, all ethnicities

EXCLUSION:

-History of gastric surgery (gastrectomy, pyloroplasty).

-Use of bowel motility medications such as, but not limited to, Reglan, Immodium, and Lomotil

-Contraindication to SmartPill: history of gastric bezoar, disorders of swallowing, suspected strictures, fistulas, or physiological GI obstruction, GI surgery within the past three months, severe dysphagia to food or pills, Crohn s Disease or diverticulitis, a subject who uses an implanted or portable electro-mechanical medical device such as a cardiac pacemaker or infusion pump

-Pregnancy and breastfeeding. Females of childbearing potential must be on an acceptable means of birth control and no intercourse in 2 weeks prior to study enrollment.

-Lactose intolerance or inability to drink standard meal of Ensure Plus

-Established diagnosis of gastroparesis

-Significant systemic or major illnesses including, but not limited to, stroke, congestive heart failure, renal failure (creatinine clearance < 50 ml/min), organ transplantation, angina pectoris, active malignancy, and autonomic neuropathy

-Unstable psychiatric conditions, untreated or uncontrolled depression or generalized anxiety disorders, substance abuse within the past year, in order to prevent feeling of being uncomfortable or to prevent lack of follow-up. Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for 2 weeks prior to study enrollment.

Phase IIIB, Use in Patients with Medication-Controlled: GERD, Peptic ulcer disease, Idiopathic Gastric Hypersecretion

INCLUSION:

-Medication-controlled (patients whose symptoms resolve with medication):GERD, PUD, and suspected idiopathic gastric hypersecretion

Patients must meet the above inclusion criteria and the following

-Ages equal to or greater than 18 years

-Male, females, all ethnicities

EXCLUSION:

-Refractory to medication: GERD (patients with persistant symptoms despite being on standard medical therapy), PUD, and suspected idiopathic gastric hypersecretion

-History of gastric surgery (gastrectomy, pyloroplasty).

-Use of bowel motility medications such as, but not limited to, Reglan, Immodium, and Lomotil

-Contraindication to SmartPill: history of gastric bezoar, disorders of swallowing, suspected strictures, fistulas, or physiological GI obstruction, GI surgery within the past three months, severe dysphagia to food or pills, Crohn s Disease or diverticulitis, a subject who uses an implanted or portable electro-mechanical medical device such as a cardiac pacemaker or infusion pump

-Pregnancy and breastfeeding. Females of childbearing potential must be on an acceptable means of birth control and no intercourse in 2 weeks prior to study enrollment.

-Lactose intolerance or inability to drink standard meal of Ensure Plus

-Established diagnosis of gastroparesis

-Significant systemic or major illnesses including, but not limited to, stroke, congestive heart failure, renal failure (creatinine clearance < 50 ml/min), organ transplantation, angina pectoris, active malignancy, and autonomic neuropathy

-Unstable psychiatric conditions, untreated or uncontrolled depression or genralized anxiety disorders, substance abuse within the past year, in order to prevent feeling of being uncomfortable or to prevent lack of follow-up

-Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for 2 weeks prior to study enrollment

RECRUITMENT IS CLOSED FOR Phase IA/IB, Validation and Establishment of Nomogram in Healthy Volunteers

PHASE IA/IB INCLUSION:

-Healthy volunteers

-Ages 18-60

-Males, females, all ethnicities

PHASE IA/IB EXCLUSION:

-History of gastric or bowel surgery

-Use of bowel motility medications such as, but not limited to, Reglan, Immodium, and Lomotil

-Use of antacid, antisecretory, and anticholinergic medications such as, but not limited to, proton pump inhibitors and histamine 2 receptor antagonists

-Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for 2 weeks prior to study enrollment

-Hypersecretory and hyposecretory related conditions including, but not limited to, pernicious anemia, atrophic gastritis, and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

-Contraindication to NGT: deviated septum, history of transphenoidal surgery, chronic sinusitis, severe facial trauma (cribriform plate disruption, sustained head trauma, maxillofacial injury, or anterior fossa skull fracture), esophageal stricture, esophageal varices, altered mental status, and impaired airway

-Contraindication to scintigraphy: allergy to sulfa-colloid

-Contraindication to pentagastrin: allergy to pentagastrin, active gastrointestinal bleeding, active peptic ulcer disease, active gallbladder and liver disease, pancreatitis, and bowel obstruction

-Contraindication to SmartPill: history of gastric bezoar, disorders of swallowing, suspected strictures, fistulas, or physiological GI obstruction, GI surgery within the past three months, severe dysphagia to food or pills, Crohns disease or diverticulosis, and implanted or portable electro-mechanical medical device such as a cardiac pacemaker or infusion pump

-Pregnancy and breastfeeding. Females of childbearing potential must be on an acceptable means of birth control and no intercourse in 2 weeks prior to study enrollment.

-Lactose intolerance or inability to drink standard meal of Ensure Plus

-Helicobacter pylori infection

-Gastroparesis

-History of gastroesophageal reflux disease, peptic ulcer disease, irritable bowel syndrome, or inflammatory bowel disease

-Significant systemic or major illnesses including, but not limited to, stroke, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, congestive heart failure, renal failure (creatinine clearance < 50 ml/min), organ transplantation, angina pectoris, active malignancy, diabetes, or autonomic neuropathy

-Unstable psychiatric conditions, depression, generalized anxiety disorder, or substance abuse within the past year, in order to prevent feeling of being uncomfortable or to prevent lack of follow-up


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Citations:

Shaheen NJ, Hansen RA, Morgan DR, Gangarosa LM, Ringel Y, Thiny MT, Russo MW, Sandler RS. The burden of gastrointestinal and liver diseases, 2006. Am J Gastroenterol. 2006 Sep;101(9):2128-38. Epub 2006 Jul 18.

Bruley Des Varannes S, Marek L, Humeau B, Lecasble M, Colin R. Gastroesophageal reflux disease in primary care. Prevalence, epidemiology and Quality of Life of patients. Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 2006 Mar;30(3):364-70.

El-Serag HB, Aguirre T, Kuebeler M, Sampliner RE. The length of newly diagnosed Barrett's oesophagus and prior use of acid suppressive therapy. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Jun 15;19(12):1255-60.

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Contacts:

Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Stephen A. Wank, M.D.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
BG 10 RM 9C101
10 CENTER DR
BETHESDA MD 20814
(301) 496-4202
stevew@mail.nih.gov

Stephen A. Wank, M.D.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
BG 10 RM 9C101
10 CENTER DR
BETHESDA MD 20814
(301) 496-4202
stevew@mail.nih.gov

Office of Patient Recruitment
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Building 61, 10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
Local Phone: 301-451-4383
TTY: 1-866-411-1010
PRPL@cc.nih.gov

Clinical Trials Number:

NCT00702533

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