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Protocol Details

Pilot Study of Idiotype Vaccine and EPOCH-Rituximab Chemotherapy in Untreated Mantle Cell Lymphoma

This study is NOT currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Recruitment Detail

Type: No longer recruiting/follow-up only
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 18
Max Age: 99

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)


Special Instructions

Currently Not Provided


Lymphoma Vaccines;
Immune Response Against Lymphoma;
Molecular Complete Remissions;
Novel Treatment Approach

Recruitment Keyword(s)

Mantle Cell Lymphoma


Mantle Cell Lymphoma;
Lymphoma, Mantle Cell

Investigational Drug(s)

Id-KLH Vaccine

Investigational Device(s)



Biological/Vaccine: GM-CSF
Drug: Idiotype vaccine

Supporting Site

National Cancer Institute

This study will evaluate the safety and effectiveness of an experimental cancer vaccine for mantle cell lymphoma a form of cancer of the white blood cells called lymphocytes. Although standard treatments for lymphoma may achieve disease remission, none provides a cure.

Patients with mantle cell lymphoma 18 years and older who have not been treated previously with chemotherapy may participate in this study. Candidates will be screened for eligibility with a medical history and physical examination. Other tests that may be required include blood and urine tests; lung function studies; imaging tests such as magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography and X-rays; and biopsy (surgical removal of a small tissue sample) of tumor, bone marrow, or other tissue.

Patients enrolled in the study will begin treatment with chemotherapy designed to reduce disease to a minimum that is, to achieve remission or shrink the tumor as much as possible. Chemotherapy will be administered on an outpatient basis over a period of around 12 to 18 weeks in 3-week cycles as follows: prednisone by mouth on days 1 through 5; etoposide, doxorubicin and vincristine intravenously through (a vein) on days 1 through 5; and cyclophosphamide intravenously on day 5. Starting day 6, patients receive no chemotherapy for 16 days. In addition, an antibody called rituximab, which attaches to lymphoma cells and may increase the effectiveness of the chemotherapy, will be given on day 1 of the cycle. Patients will also receive a protein called G-CSF starting day 6 of the cycle and continuing until the white blood cell count recovers or until day 19. G-CSF is naturally produced by bone marrow and may boost the immune system. The chemotherapy drugs and rituximab are infused through a vein by means of a lightweight portable pump, which patients are taught how to use. Patients are also how taught how to give themselves G-CSF injections under the skin, similar to insulin injections.

The first vaccination will be given at least 3 months after chemotherapy ends and will be repeated every 4 weeks for a maximum of 5 vaccinations. The vaccinations will be given in the clinic. Patients will also receive daily injections of GM-CSF, a growth factor naturally produced by bone marrow that can boost the immune system. These injections will be given the day of the vaccination and for the next 3 days.

When vaccine therapy is completed, patients who were treated successfully will be followed with periodic clinic visits for follow-up examinations and tests. Patients in whom the lymphoma did not disappear entirely or who have a recurrence of disease will be advised of further treatment possibilities.

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Tissue diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma (confirmed in Laboratory of Pathology). Blastic cell variant will be eligible.

Age greater than or equal to 18.

Previously untreated with cytotoxic chemotherapy. Patients may have received local radiation or a short course of steroids for control of symptoms.

All stages of disease.

Lymph node of greater than or equal to 2 cm accessible for biopsy/harvest or greater than 1000/microliters of circulating tumor cells in the blood.

ECOG performance status of less than or equal to 3.

Adequate major organ function (serum creatinine 1.5 mg/dl or creatinine clearance greater than 60 ml/min; bilirubin less than 2 mg/dl (total) except less than 5 mg/dl in patients with Gilbert's syndrome as defined by greater than 80% unconjugated; ANC greater than 1000 and platelets greater than 100,000) unless impairment due to organ involvement by lymphoma.

No active symptomatic ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction or congestive heart failure within the past year. If MUGA is obtained, the LVEF should exceed 40%.

Ability to give informed consent.


Antibodies to HIV or presence of hepatitis B surface antigen.

Pregnant or lactating.

Prior malignancy in past 5 years except squamous or basal cell carcinoma or curatively treated in situ of the cervix.

Involvement of central nervous system by lymphoma.

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Clinical analysis of 670 cases in two trials of the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer Lymphoma Cooperative Group subtyped according to the Revised European-American Classification of Lymphoid Neoplasms: a comparison with the Working Formulation

Management of mantle cell lymphoma

Mantle cell lymphoma - an entity comes of age

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Christopher J. Melani, M.D.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
BG 10 RM B2L312
(301) 250-5149

Margaret Shovlin, R.N.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 12C101
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(240) 760-6089

NCI Referral Office
National Institute of Health Clinical Center (CC), 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, United States: NCI Clinical Trials Referral Office

Clinical Trials Number:


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