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Protocol Details

Comparison of Inflammatory Responses in Normal Volunteers and Patients with Abnormal Phagocyte Function Using the Suction Blister Technique

This study is currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Participants currently recruited/enrolled
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 6
Max Age: 65

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)


Special Instructions

Currently Not Provided


Normal Volunteer;
Abnormal Phagocyte Function

Recruitment Keyword(s)

Normal Volunteer;
Abnormal Phagocyte Function


Healthy Volunteers;
Abnormal Phagocyte Function

Investigational Drug(s)


Investigational Device(s)




Supporting Site

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

This study will investigate the inflammatory response. People with abnormal regulation of inflammation and immune defects often have an exaggerated or depressed inflammatory response that results in poor healing of recurrent infections. This study will measure and compare amounts of inflammatory mediators (chemicals involved in the inflammatory response) in healthy normal volunteers and in patients with abnormal immune responses.

Healthy normal volunteers and patients with host defense defects or excessive inflammation, as in vasculitis syndromes, may be eligible for this study. Patients must be between 6 and 65 years of age.

Participants will have eight small blisters raised on the forearm using a gentle suction device. The top of the blisters will be removed with scissors and a plastic template will be placed over the blisters. The wells of the template will be filled with a salt solution or a mixture of the subject s serum (fluid part of the blood without cells) and a salt solution. Some blisters may be covered with coverslips a small round piece of very thin sterilized glass before adding the fluid. Blister fluid will be removed from the wells at 3, 5, 8, and 24 hours with a syringe and analyzed for inflammatory mediators. A scab will form over the blisters and fall off in about 2 weeks.

Participants will have about 4 tablespoons of blood drawn in order to compare the inflammatory mediators in the blood with those in the blister fluid.

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Patients having or thought to have an immune defect between the ages of 6 and 65 years (inclusive) are eligible to participate.


Be a healthy adult of either sex and between the ages of 18 and 65 years old.

Weight greater than 110 pounds.

Not have any heart, lung, or kidney disease, or bleeding disorders.

Not have a history of viral hepatitis (B or C) since age 11.

Not have a history of intravenous injection drug use.

Not have a history of engaging in high-risk activities for exposure to the AIDS virus.

Not be pregnant.


Patients less than 6 or greater than 65 years of age.


Less than 18 years old or older than 65 years.

Have viral hepatitis (B or C).

HIV positive.

Receiving chemotherapeutic agent(s), or have underlying malignancy.


Have history of heart, lung, kidney disease, or bleeding disorders.

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Skin window studies in acute inflammatory responses of neutropenic patients

Hellum KB, Solberg CO. Human leucocyte migration: studies with an improved skin chamber technique. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand C. 1977 Dec;85C(6):413-23.

Loss of L-selectin (CD62L) on human neutrophils following exudation in vivo

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Kol A. Zarember, Ph.D.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 5-3816
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(301) 402-1802

Mary E. Garofalo, R.N.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 6w3732
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(301) 827-9758

Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office
Building 61
10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4754
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
TTY: 301-594-9774 (local),1-866-411-1010 (toll free)
Fax: 301-480-9793

Clinical Trials Number:


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