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Protocol Details

Ingested Interferon-Alpha: Prolongation or Permanence of the "Honeymoon" Phase in Newly Diagnosed Diabetes Mellitus

This study is NOT currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts




Sponsoring Institute

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Completed Study; data analyses ongoing
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 3
Max Age: 25

Referral Letter Required


Population Exclusion(s)


Special Instructions

Currently Not Provided


Diabetes Type 1

Recruitment Keyword(s)

Insulin Dependent Diabetes;
Diabetes Mellitus;


Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

Investigational Drug(s)

Oral Interferon-Alpha

Investigational Device(s)



Drug: Oral Interferon-Alpha

Supporting Site

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

This study will see if interferon-alpha given early in the disease can stop or slow the immune attack on insulin-producing cells. In addition, the study will examine the safety and efficacy of interferon-alpha (given by mouth) to protect beta cell function. Patients between 3 and 25 years of age with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus less then six weeks may be eligible for this study. All study-related tests and medications at the NIH Clinical Center are provided at no cost.

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T1DM of less than 6 weeks duration in patients between 3 and 25 years of age.

Besides T1DM, no concurrent illness.


Treatment with immunosuppressive or immunostimulatory medications such as azathioprine, nicotinamide, superoxide dismutase-desferroxamine, aminoguanidine, oral insulin or other experimental therapies at the present time or in the past.

Abnormal pre-treatment white blood cell count (WBC) or thrombocytopenia.

Known active diseases, e.g. cardiac, renal, hepatic diseases or immunodeficiency.

History of cancer, neuropathy seizure disorders (except typical history of febrile seizures in childhood), peripheral vascular disease, coagulation abnormalities, autoimmune disease (except type 1 diabetes) or cerebrovascular disease.

Ongoing use of medications known to influence glucose tolerance (e.g. sulfonylureas, metformin, diphenylhydantoin, thiazide or other potassium depleting diuretics, beta-adrenergic blockers, niacin) except insulin.

Any medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, will interfere with the safe completion of the trial.

Inability to give informed consent or assent.

Participation in a clinical trial within the previous 6 weeks.

Lactating or pregnant female individual (individuals will be advised not to volunteer for the protocol if they plan to become pregnant during the time of the study and they are instructed to use an effective method of contraception).

Age above 25 years, since there may be several subtypes of T1DM.

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The pathogenesis of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

Type I diabetes mellitus A chronic autoimmune disease

Ingested interferon alpha suppresses type I diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice

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Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Kristina I. Rother, M.D.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
BG 10 RM 8C432A
(301) 435-4639

Michelle L. Ashmus, R.N.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 5-5940
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(301) 594-5953

Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office
Building 61
10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4754
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
TTY: 301-594-9774 (local),1-866-411-1010 (toll free)
Fax: 301-480-9793

Clinical Trials Number:


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