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Protocol Details

Screening Protocol for Patients with stroke

This study is currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts

Summary

Number

10-N-0012

Sponsoring Institute

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and stroke (NINDS)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Participants currently recruited/enrolled
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 18
Max Age: 100

Referral Letter Required

No

Population Exclusion(s)

Children

Special Instructions

Currently Not Provided

Keywords

Ischemia;
Hemorrhage;
Rehabilitation

Recruitment Keyword(s)

stroke

Condition(s)

stroke

Investigational Drug(s)

None

Investigational Device(s)

None

Intervention(s)

None

Supporting Site

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and stroke

Background:

- stroke, also known as acute cerebrovascular attack, is the leading cause of long-term disability worldwide. stroke survivors are often left with permanent physical and mental disabilities.

- Many stroke patients receive different therapies in an attempt to improve their independence and quality of life. However, current strategies are focused on the acute stage after stroke and are of limited influence in improving stroke outcome. One of the main problems of patients who have suffered a stroke is the difficulty in using the hand on the opposite side of the affected hemisphere of the brain; to date, researchers have no successful means to improve the hand function in chronic stages of stroke.

- Researchers are interested in developing a pool of individuals for further research into hand and motor function after a stroke.

Objectives:

- To perform a screening evaluation of patients referred with stroke to determine their eligibility for current and future protocols studying the effects of stroke on the nervous system and motor function.

Eligibility:

- Individuals who have experienced a single stroke on only one side of the brain that occurred at least 3 months prior to participation in the screening study. Individuals must have some residual hand motor function.

Design:

- Participants in this study will be recruited from patient referrals.

- Eligible participants will undergo a 4- to 5-hour screening with a medical history, physical and neurological examination, stroke evaluation, and an anatomical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. The screening visit may be done over the course of more than one day, if needed for patient convenience or test availability.

- In addition to the initial outpatient visit, subjects may remain enrolled in this study for up to 15 years and may be contacted to see if they qualify for new branch studies. Subjects may be re-examined up to once per year while they remain in this protocol to confirm ongoing eligibility. The re-examination visits will involve a neurologic evaluation and possible repeat MRI.

- No clinical care will be provided under this protocol..

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Eligibility

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

This study will enroll:

-Patients with stroke documented by CT or Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at least 3 months prior to enrollment

-Patients between the ages of 18 and 90

-Patients who are willing and able to give their own consent

-Patients with monohemispheric, single stroke which affected the hand

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Subjects with the following will be excluded:

-Large cortical, cerebellar, or brainstem lesions

-Profound hand impairment unable to extend metacarpophalangeal (MP) joints at least 10-20 degrees at the time of screening< TAB>

-Recent or ongoing alcohol or drug abuse

-Any severe or progressive neurological disorder such as uncontrolled Parkinson s disease, Alzheimer s disease, multiple sclerosis, and other central or peripheral nervous system diseases aside from stroke.

-Uncontrolled heart, lung, kidney, gastrointestinal, metabolic, or endocrine disorders as determined by the screening physician

-MRI contraindications, pregnancy, cardiac pacemakers, intracardiac lines, implanted medication pumps, neural stimulators, eye, blood vessel, cochlear, or eye implants, metal in the cranium except in the mouth, dental braces, metal fragments from occupational exposure, surgical clips in or near the brain, and claustrophobia

-Cognitive deficits defined as a mini-mental state exam score of 20 or less


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Citations:

Andrews K, Brocklehurst JC, Richards B, Laycock PJ. The rate of recovery from stroke - and its measurement. Int Rehabil Med. 1981;3(3):155-61.

Dombovy ML, Basford JR, Whisnant JP, Bergstralh EJ. Disability and use of rehabilitation services following stroke in Rochester, Minnesota, 1975-1979. stroke. 1987 Sep-Oct;18(5):830-6.

Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Sol(SqrRoot)(Copyright) J, Wassermann EM, Hallett M. Responses to rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human motor cortex. Brain. 1994 Aug;117 ( Pt 4):847-58.

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Contacts:

Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Leonardo G. Cohen, M.D.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and stroke (NINDS)
BG 10 RM 7D54
10 CENTER DR
BETHESDA MD 20814
(301) 496-9782
cohenl1@mail.nih.gov

Rita Volochayev, C.R.N.P.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and stroke (NINDS)
BG 10 RM 7D51
10 CENTER DR
BETHESDA MD 20814
(301) 451-1335
volochar@mail.nih.gov

Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office
Building 61
10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4754
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
TTY: 301-594-9774 (local),1-866-411-1010 (toll free)
Fax: 301-480-9793

prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov

Clinical Trials Number:

NCT01021033

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