NIH Clinical Center logo     America's Clinical Research Hospital File folder iconExplore the NIH
Clinical Center
Search the Studies - NIH Clinical Research Studies

Protocol Details

Markers of Autism Spectrum Disorders in At-Risk Toddlers: A Pilot Study

This study is currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts

Summary

Number

11-M-0144

Sponsoring Institute

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Participants currently recruited/enrolled
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: 10 mo
Max Age: 20 mo

Referral Letter Required

No

Population Exclusion(s)

None

Special Instructions

Currently Not Provided

Keywords

Autism;
Language Acquisition;
Language Development;
Toddlers

Recruitment Keyword(s)

Autism;
Language Development

Condition(s)

Autism;
Language Acquisition;
Language Development;
Toddlers

Investigational Drug(s)

None

Investigational Device(s)

None

Intervention(s)

None

Supporting Site

National Institute of Mental Health

The purpose of this study is to learn more about risk factors for autism by studying the behavior and brain functioning of toddlers with early communication delays and typically developing toddlers. Children 12 or 18 months of age with language delays (i.e., no words at 18 months, limited vocalizations at 12 months) and typically developing toddlers may be eligible to participate. This study will be conducted at the NIH Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland. There will be an initial screening evaluation that will include behavioral assessment. Eligible participants will then complete a baseline visit that includes an overnight sleep study that includes Electroencephalogram (EEG) test to measure brain electrical activity, and an MRI scan. Follow-up visits that include behavioral assessment will occur every 6-12 months, depending on age at study entry. The final study visit will occur at 36 months of age and will include behavioral assessment, sleep/EEG study, and MRI. There is no cost for participation. Compensation will be provided. To find out if your child qualifies or for more information, please call 301-451-7822 (TTY: 1-866-411-1010) or e-mail NIMH-ASD@mail.nih.gov. National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health & Human Services.

--Back to Top--

Eligibility

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

At-risk Group:

1. 12 or 18 months of age (plus or minus 2 months)

2. Limited spoken words (for both the 12 and 18 month groups)

3. Expressive and Receptive scores in the Very Low range on the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (a standardized observational measure),

Typically Developing Group:

1. 12 or 18 months of age (plus or minor 2 months)

2. Development in nonverbal and verbal areas within age expectations (per scores on all 4 domains of the Mullen Scales of Early learning no more than 1.5 standard deviation below the mean).

Healthy Adult Group:

1. 18-40 years old

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

At-risk Group:

1. Primary language spoken in the home is other than English

2. Prematurity at birth (defined as less than 36 weeks gestation), or birth weight significantly below normal for gestational age (SGA- small for gestational age) or other significant birth trauma.

3. Motor or other medical impairment deemed responsible for delays (e.g. cerebral palsy; known genetic disorder)

Typically Developing Group:

1. Primary language spoken in the home is other than English

2. Prematurity at birth (defined as less than 36 weeks gestation); or birth weight significantly below normal for gestational age (SGA- small for gestational age).

3. Motor or other medical impairment that would interfere with study participation

4. Known genetic disorder

5. Status as a younger sibling of a child diagnosed with autism

Healthy Adult Group:

1. Historical or current psychiatric, neurological, or serious medical illness

2. Primary language is other than English

3. Difficulty hearing (as some sounds and words will be presented during the MRI scan)

4. Head injury with loss of consciousness in the last year

5. Metal in the body which would make having an MRI scan unsafe, such as pacemakers, medication pumps, aneurysm clips, metallic prostheses (including metal pins and rods, heart valves or cochlear implants), shrapnel fragments, permanent eye liner or small metal fragments in the eye that welders and other metal workers may have.

6. Discomfort in small closed spaces (have claustrophobia) so that there would be discomfort in the MRI machine.

7. Inability to lie comfortably flat on the back for up to 60 minutes in the MRI scanner

8. If female, and pregnant

9. Inability to provide own consent


--Back to Top--

Citations:

Buschmann A, Jooss B, Rupp A, Dockter S, Blaschtikowitz H, Heggen I, Pietz J. Children with developmental language delay at 24 months of age: results of a diagnostic work-up. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2008 Mar;50(3):223-9. Epub 2008 Feb 11.

Chawarska K, Klin A, Paul R, Volkmar F. Autism spectrum disorder in the second year: stability and change in syndrome expression. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007 Feb;48(2):128-38.

Dager SR, Wang L, Friedman SD, Shaw DW, Constantino JN, Artru AA, Dawson G, Csernansky JG. Shape mapping of the hippocampus in young children with autism spectrum disorder. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2007 Apr;28(4):672-7.

--Back to Top--

Contacts:

Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

Audrey E. Thurm, Ph.D.
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
BG 10 RM 1C250
10 CENTER DR
BETHESDA MD 20814
(301) 496-5323
at191u@nih.gov

Audrey E. Thurm, Ph.D.
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
BG 10 RM 1C250
10 CENTER DR
BETHESDA MD 20814
(301) 496-5323
at191u@nih.gov

Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office
Building 61
10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4754
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
TTY: 301-594-9774 (local),1-866-411-1010 (toll free)
Fax: 301-480-9793

prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov

Clinical Trials Number:

NCT01339767

--Back to Top--

QUESTIONS?

Contact the Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office for:

  • Details on how to participate in a study
  • Details on how to refer a patient to a study

NIH Clinical Studies Information Request


Contact the Office of Communications for:

  • General information about the NIH Clinical Center

www.cc.nih.gov/contact.shtml


Contact the Department Clinical Research Informatics, (DCRI) for:

  • Technical questions about Adobe Acrobat and the PDF format
  • Technical questions about this web server

webmaster@cc.nih.gov