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Protocol Details

Natural History Study of the Clinical and Molecular Manifestations of Smith-Magenis Syndrome (SMS)

This study is currently recruiting participants.

Summary | Eligibility | Citations | Contacts

Summary

Number

01-HG-0109

Sponsoring Institute

National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)

Recruitment Detail

Type: Participants currently recruited/enrolled
Gender: Male & Female
Min Age: N/A
Max Age: N/A

Referral Letter Required

No

Population Exclusion(s)

None

Special Instructions

Currently Not Provided

Keywords

Sleep Disturbance;
Developmental Delay/ MR;
Deletion 17p11.2;
Chromosomal Abnormalities;
Behavioral Phenotype

Recruitment Keyword(s)

Smith-Magenis Syndrome;
Genetics

Condition(s)

Chromosome Abnormalities;
Smith Magenis Syndrome

Investigational Drug(s)

None

Investigational Device(s)

None

Intervention(s)

None

Supporting Site

National Human Genome Research Institute

This study will examine how a rare disease called Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) affects people and how they change over time. SMS is caused by a small chromosome 17p11.2 deletion (missing piece). The syndrome is associated with distinct physical, developmental and behavioral characteristics, but it is not fully understood. To learn more about this disease, a multidisciplinary research team will study:

- The range and type of medical, behavioral, and learning problems of people with SMS

- The deletion of chromosome 17p11.2 to find the gene or genes that cause SMS

- Whether certain specific genetic changes cause certain specific medical problems

- What signs and symptoms must be present to make a diagnosis of SMS

- The impact that a child with SMS has on his or her family members.

Patients of all ages with SMS may be eligible for this study. They will be evaluated by a team of medical specialists at the NIH Clinical Center over the course of several days. Parents of patients will be asked to provide copies of past medical records and tests results for review. They will provide a family medical history and information on the child s prenatal, developmental, behavioral and medical histories.

The study may involve the following evaluations: physical, neurological and psychological exams; ear, nose and throat evaluation; speech, language and swallowing evaluation; hearing test; eye examination; imaging studies (e.g., X-rays, ultrasound, MRI); developmental and behavioral assessment; rehabilitation evaluation with gait (walking) analysis; urinalysis, blood, and/or skin cell studies; sleep study; other consultations as required. A tissue sample (blood or cheek swab or skin biopsy) may be taken for genetic studies. To obtain a cheek swab, a small brush is rubbed against the inside of the cheek to wipe off some cells. For a skin biopsy, a small area of skin is numbed with a local anesthetic and a small circle of skin, usually about 1/8 inch, is removed with a biopsy tool. Parents may be asked to complete questionnaires about their child s growth and development, therapies, medications, sleep, development and behavioral concerns. They also may be asked to bring their child to NIH for follow-up visits every 6 months to 3 years, depending on the child s age. The purpose of these visits is to see how the child changes over time and to conduct additional tests.

Parents may also be asked to enroll their child in a SMS Research Registry and provide tissue samples for a SMS Research Core Tissue Bank. The research registry is a confidential database of individuals diagnosed with SMS. Its purpose is to facilitate SMS research initiatives and promote the development of improved treatments for SMS. Enrollment requires completing a 30-minute questionnaire. The tissue bank stores tissue cultures and cell lines created for future SMS research. About 2 teaspoons of blood are drawn from adult patients and 1 to 3 teaspoons from children, depending on their size. Tissue samples can be obtained by skin biopsy or during a scheduled surgical procedure.

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Eligibility

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR LONGITUDINAL SMS NATURAL HISTORY STUDY:

Persons with known or suspected SMS (male/female, all ages, all ethnicities), their parents and/or unaffected siblings are eligible for enrollment. In some cases, a screening evaluation to confirm the diagnosis may occur at NIH and/or via blood samples sent for deletion screening, prior to enrollment. Subjects may be excluded from further participation if the diagnosis of SMS is ruled out after the initial SMS screening evaluation and/or inability to obtain voluntary informed consent.

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR HOME ASSESSMENT OF SLEEP (HAS) DD/MR-SYNDROME COMPARISON GROUP:

Children (male & female, all ethnicities) less than18 years with a confirmed diagnosis (based on current accepted diagnostic criteria) of a specified developmental disability (DD)/MR-syndrome reported to include sleep disturbance. These include: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), Down syndrome (DS), Cornelia deLange syndrome (CDLS), and/or behavioral diagnosis of autism, ADHD or fragile X syndrome.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR HOME ASSESSMENT OF SLEEP (HAS) DD/MR-SYNDROME COMPARISON GROUP:

Failure to meet established/accepted diagnostic criteria and/or inability to obtain voluntary informed consent (i.e. parental consent for child with developmental delay/MR) is reason for exclusion.

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SMS RESEARCH REGISTRY AND CORE TISSUE BANK:

Individuals (male & female, all ages and all ethnicities) with a confirmed diagnosis of SMS & their parents who voluntarily give informed consent are eligible for inclusion.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SMS RESEARCH REGISTRY AND CORE TISSUE BANK:

Individuals who do not have a confirmed diagnosis of SMS.

There is no exclusion based on age, gender, ethnicity or any other factor. Decisionally impaired subjects may be enrolled if the parent, legal guardian, or durable power of attorney (DPA) consents; assent will be obtained when deemed appropriate.


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Citations:

Greenberg F, Lewis RA, Potocki L, Glaze D, Parke J, Killian J, Murphy MA, Williamson D, Brown F, Dutton R, McCluggage C, Friedman E, Sulek M, Lupski JR. Multi-disciplinary clinical study of Smith-Magenis syndrome (deletion 17p11.2) Am J Med Genet. 1996 Mar 29;62(3):247-54.

Vlangos CN, Wilson M, Blancato J, Smith AC, Elsea SH. Diagnostic FISH probes for del(17)(p11.2p11.2) associated with Smith-Magenis syndrome should contain the RAI1 gene. Am J Med Genet A. 2005 Jan 30;132(3):278-82.

Smith AC, McGavran L, Robinson J, Waldstein G, Macfarlane J, Zonona J, Reiss J, Lahr M, Allen L, Magenis E. Interstitial deletion of (17)(p11.2p11.2) in nine patients. Am J Med Genet. 1986 Jul;24(3):393-414.

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Contacts:

Principal Investigator

Referral Contact

For more information:

William A. Gahl, M.D.
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
BG 10 RM 10C103
10 CENTER DR
BETHESDA MD 20814
(301) 402-2739
bgahl@helix.nih.gov

Ann C. M. Smith
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
National Institutes of Health
Building 10
Room 10C103
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
(301) 435-5475
acmsmith@nhgri.nih.gov

Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office
Building 61
10 Cloister Court
Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4754
Toll Free: 1-800-411-1222
TTY: 301-594-9774 (local),1-866-411-1010 (toll free)
Fax: 301-480-9793

prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov

Clinical Trials Number:

NCT00013559

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